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CHUMASH

Parshas Netzavim-Vayeilech - Shlishi with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu promises the Yidden, that in the end they will do teshuvah and Hashem will bring the Geulah! Hashem will gather together all of the Yidden and bring them back to Eretz Yisroel.

Hashem will use the things it says in the Tochacha for the Goyim who try to hurt the Yidden.

Hashem will be happy to give brachos to the Yidden, because we did teshuvah and we are doing all of the mitzvos of the Torah with our whole heart!

Moshe Rabbeinu continues telling the Yidden that keeping all of the mitzvos that they are learning about is not impossible!

We shouldn’t think that we don’t know what to do, the Torah makes it clear to us. And we shouldn’t think that it’s impossible to do it, the Torah is close to us!

Moshe tells the Yidden, it’s not too hard! It’s not like a treasure hiding all the way across the world! It’s not only in Shomayim for Tzadikim! It’s not only for when you live in Eretz Yisroel!

Ki Karov Eilecha Hadavar Me’od, Beficha Uvilvavcha Laasoso! Keeping the mitzvos is something that you CAN do, wherever you are!

And Hashem didn’t just give us the Torah and tell us to figure it out, we have the Torah Shebaal Peh too, to teach us how to keep it properly!

In recent times, near the end of the Golus, the Alter Rebbe (whose Yom Huledes we just celebrated yesterday) took these words of Moshe Rabbeinu and wrote the Tanya based on them! The Tanya is designed to show us how it really is possible for every Yid to fulfill everything it says in the Torah, by revealing the koach of Mesiras Nefesh which is in every Yiddishe neshama, and using all of the kochos of the neshama and guf of a Yid to fulfill the Ratzon of Hashem. This is explained both by the Alter Rebbe in the Torah Shebichsav of Chassidus (the Tanya), and by the Rebbeim of later generations, until the Rebbe of our dor, who gave us clear instructions of what we need to do for our shlichus in the world the way Hashem wants. Then we will be able to see the promise of Moshe Rabbeinu come true, that Hashem will take the Yidden out of Golus and give us all of the brachos we are promised in the parsha!

 
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TEHILLIM

90 - 96

Today’s Tehillim is kapitelach Tzadik to Tzadik-Vov. The kapitelach for Chodesh Elul are Nun-Hey, Nun-Vov, and Nun-Zayin.

Many of the Kapitelach in today’s Tehillim are about when Moshiach comes!

Kapitel Tzadik-Hey and Tzadik-Vov are about how we will tell each other to come sing to Hashem and give thanks for His nissim.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Tes-Vov

The Alter Rebbe is explaining to us that by understanding the ten kochos in our neshama, we can understand a little bit of the Eser Sefiros by Hashem. But before explaining the ten kochos of the neshama which we use only for Avodas Hashem, the Alter Rebbe first explains the ten kochos which we use for everyday things.

Let’s say our Mommy and Tatty are teaching us the first parsha in Chumash. We are learning about how Hashem made the world for a reason — so that Yidden will learn Torah and do mitzvos and bring Moshiach! They want us to understand our special job in the world, and how to do it with lots of chayus!

Our Mommy and Tatty know much more than they can explain to us. They already learned Torah and lived in Hashem’s world for many years. They know a lot because of all that they learned, and from all of the things that happened to them. If they try to tell us EVERYTHING they know, we might get mixed up and not understand anything at all!

So our parents will use the special neshama kochos Hashem gave them. The kochos help them figure out what to tell us, and how to explain it. This way we will love to hear about it, and it will make us excited to live the way Hashem wants!

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe shows us how, for example, a parent can use each of the natural midos of Chesed, Gevurah, Tiferes, Netzach, Hod, Yesod, and Malchus, to teach something in a way that their child will appreciate it.

For example, a mother will use her midah of Gevurah, holding back, to decide what NOT to say because it will be too complicated for her child to understand.

But all of these midos, which are the way we feel, come from our sechel, the way we think. Our sechel has three parts, Chochma, Bina, and Daas (ChaBaD)! Those are the special kochos we have to THINK and UNDERSTAND.

The more a person understands, the “smarter” his midos (feelings) are! For example, a little baby gets very excited or upset about little things, that older kids already know aren’t a big deal. The more we understand, the more we will care about things that really are important!

So by making sure that our Chabad (and especially our Daas) are the way they should be, we make ALL of our midos stronger and better!

IY”H tomorrow we will learn about how we use the kochos in our neshama to serve Hashem!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Tes Elul

Today we learn a short “Torah” from the Alter Rebbe for Parshas Netzavim.

When the Alter Rebbe was in Vitebsk, he once said a “Torah” (like a very short maamar) to explain the first two pesukim in the beginning of Parshas Netzavim according to Chassidus.

These pesukim are speaking about how all of the Yidden are standing together to make a promise to keep the mitzvos. The Torah tells us how this includes the leaders, the older people, men, women, and children. At the end of the second posuk, it says “MeiChoteiv Eitzecha Ad Sho’eiv Meimecha” — “from the wood choppers to the water carriers.”

The Alter Rebbe explains that these pesukim are also teaching us how to do our Avodas Hashem better! The word for woodchoppers, “Choteiv Eitzecha,” can also mean to “chop out our ideas,” if we translate the word “eitzecha” as an eitzah, an idea. Instead of just thinking of our OWN ideas of how to live, we need make sure to follow the ideas the Torah tells us!

We also learn a lesson from water carriers: Water makes things grow, including all of the yummy things we like to eat! (Like sugar cane, where sugar comes from!) We need to be water carriers, and take the “water” out — not just to think about what’s yummy for us, but to think about doing our shlichus properly!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #61 - Mitzvas Asei #153

Today in Sefer Hamitzvos, we learn the same mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #153) again: How the Beis Din needs to calculate when the months and years of the Jewish calendar should be.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bo: הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים

The details are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Alef, Mesechta Rosh Hashana and Brachos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh

Perek Gimmel: We learn how the witnesses come to say that they saw the new moon, and the messengers that would go out from Beis Din to let everyone know when Rosh Chodesh is.

Perek Daled: We learn why and how the Beis Din would decide that there should be a leap year.

Perek Hey: Now the Rambam starts to tells us what the halachos are when there are no Sanhedrin. We don’t decide based on eidim anymore, but we follow a calendar. We learn about the second day of Yom Tov, which we keep nowadays because of a gezeira of the Chachomim.

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Kriyas Shema - Perek Gimmel

In Perek Gimmel, we learn many halachos about where we are allowed to say Shema. A person can’t say Shema in a smelly place or in a bathroom.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Yom LeChodesh

From Chai Elul, there are 12 days until Rosh Hashana. The Rebbeim tell us that each of these 12 days match up to one of the 12 months of the year! So Chai Elul was Tishrei, and today is for Chodesh Cheshvan.

On each one of these days, we think back to what happened during that month of the year. That way we can do teshuvah for anything that happened during that month and make good hachlatos that this month in the coming year will be better. We should think about the hachlatos we made during that month, and see if we are keeping up with what we decided to do.

Cheshvan is the month of “VeYaakov Halach Ledarko,” when we start getting into our regular year-round routine. We take the kochos of the special month of Tishrei and start using them.

Can you think of something you did during Cheshvan last year to start the year off right? Is there something you can do in this coming year so that those things will be even better?

 

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TEFILLAH

Oseh Hashalom

At the end of Shemoneh Esrei, we ask Hashem to make shalom in Shomayim and for all of the Yidden. We say, “Oseh Shalom Bimromav,” “He makes shalom in the high places!”

In the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we change these words a little bit. We say Oseh HAshalom instead of Oseh Shalom.

Saying Hashalom (THE peace) instead of Shalom (peace) doesn’t seem to change the meaning of what we are saying. So why do we change it?

This is a hint to ask for a good and sweet year!

There is a special malach in the Beis Din Shel Maalah, whose job it is to write down the names of Yidden in the Sefer HaChayim, the Book of Life. The Gematria of this malach’s name is the same as the Gematria of the word “Hashalom!” By changing the word to Hashalom, we are asking that this malach should write down our name too.

In Kaddish in Shul, we also change to Hashalom. But not in bentching. The Rebbe once asked the Frierdiker Rebbe about it, and was told that we don’t say Hashalom in bentching.

See Otzar Minhagei Chabad Rosh Hashana, os Kuf-Vov and Kuf-Samach

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Sleeping on Rosh Hashana

The Gemara says that if somebody sleeps on Rosh Hashana, his mazel will sleep.

Because of this, we try not to sleep during the day on Rosh Hashana.

The minhag is not to take a nap during the day, and to wake up as early as possible in the morning, to be up during the daytime.

Wasting time is also considered like sleeping, so we try to spend all of our free time saying Tehillim!

The Arizal says that after Chatzos during the day, after the Tefillos and Tekiyas Shofar, it is not as serious. So if someone is very tired and needs a nap, it is best to do it after Chatzos.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Kuf-Pey-Gimmel se’if ches

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Moshiach Will Be Very Humble

The Navi Zechariah tells the Yidden to be happy, because Moshiach is going to come! Even though many kings of the Yidden were not people to respect, Moshiach will be different. He will be a tzadik, and will have won wars. But still, Moshiach will be very humble! He won’t come to Yerushalayim in a fancy chariot, he will come like a simple Yid.

גִּילִי מְאֹד בַּת צִיּוֹן הָרִיעִי בַּת יְרוּשָׁלִַם הִנֵּה מַלְכֵּךְ יָבוֹא לָךְ צַדִּיק וְנוֹשָׁע הוּא עָנִי וְרֹכֵב עַל חֲמוֹר וְעַל עַיִר בֶּן אֲתֹנוֹת

Gili Me’od Bas Tzion, Hari’i Bas Yerushalayim — Be very happy, daughter of Tzion (Yerushalayim)!

Hinei Malkeich Yavo Lach — Here, your king (Moshiach) is coming to you!

Tzadik Venosha Hu — He is a tzadik and successful in war,

Ani Verocheiv Al Chamor, Ve’al Ayir Ben Asonos— He is a humble person, like someone who rides on a donkey

In the Hayom Yom of Rosh Chodesh Menachem Av, we also learned that Moshiach will be very humble. He will learn Torah with the Avos and Moshe Rabbeinu, but at the same time he will learn with even a simple Yid!

See Zechariah perek Tes posuk Tes

 
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