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CHUMASH

Parshas Pinchas - Shvi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden about the korbanos of Sukkos and Shemini Atzeres.

SUKKOS: There are many korbanos on Sukkos! We bring 2 rams, 13 lambs, and a goat every day, but a different number of bulls. (Can you figure out the pattern?)

Day #1: Bring 13 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs, AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #2: Bring 12 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #3: Bring 11 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #4: Bring 10 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #5: Bring 9 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #6: Bring 8 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #7: Bring 7 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas

SHMINI ATZERES: (like the Korbanos of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas.

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with fine flour (soles) and oil, and a Nesech (wine).

For each lamb (Keves) : 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Rashi explains that the numbers of Korbanos we bring on Sukkos remind us of different things in our history!

Moshe reminded the Yidden about all of these Korbanos, just like Hashem told him to.

 
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TEHILLIM

113 - 118

The kapitelach in today’s Tehillim are the ones used in Hallel! We also have the Rebbe and Rebbetzin’s kapitelach!

One of the pesukim is “Rom Al Kol Goyim Hashem,” which means that “Hashem is higher than the nations.”

Chassidus explains that the posuk also tells us what the Goyim say: They think that Hashem is high, but that Hashem is too great to deal with the world after creating it. They think Hashem leaves it to the forces of nature to make the world keep running.

Of course, Yidden know that Hashem didn’t just create the world, but Hashem creates the world every second and takes care of every single little thing with Hashgacha Protis.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Vov

We said that when a Yid does an aveira chas veshalom, he can get Tumah Chayus. Today we will see that not only CAN he get that kind of chayus, but he gets A LOT!

Why?

When a Yid does an aveira, the Hey of Hashem’s name gets separated from the other letters, like we learned before.

Where does it go to? To the koach of tumah!

Who made it go there? The person who did the aveira, chas veshalom. The koach of tumah is VERY happy to get the chayus — so happy, that it gives a lot of chayus to the person who did the aveira! Of course this is not good chayus, but it does make it possible to live a tumah life for a long time.

(Since he is alive, he has more chances to do teshuvah, and Hashem certainly helps every Yid to do teshuvah!)

When a Yid does Teshuvah, then the Hey comes out of its Golus in the tumah, and goes back to being part of Hashem’s name!

Now we understand what Teshuvah is all about: It’s bringing the Hey out of the koach of Tumah, where a Yid puts it when he does an aveira. His Teshuvah brings the Hey back to where it should be! Now, instead of the person getting his chayus from tumah, he is again able to receive his chayus from kedusha.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Daled Tammuz

There is a level of chossid called a Pnimi. Here the Rebbe shares a quote from the Tzemach Tzedek about how a Pnimi acts:

A Pnimi doesn’t ask for brachos to make his avodah easier. He doesn’t want any shortcuts! He is ready to do Avodah, and is ready that it should be hard!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #330 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #318, #319, Asei #210, #211

Today’s mitzvos are all about Kibbud Av Va’em. They are:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #318) We are not ever allowed to curse our parents.

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Mesechta Sanhedrin perek Zayin.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #319) We are not allowed to hit our parents.

The details of this mitzvah are explained in the end of Mesechta Sanhedrin.

There is no specific posuk that teaches us these two mitzvos, but since the Torah tells us a specific punishment for these things, we know it must be a separate mitzvah.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #210) We need to do Kibbud Av Va’em, to treat our parents with honor. We bring them food, make sure they have clothes, and help them with what they need.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: כַּבֵּד אֶת אָבִיךָ וְאֶת אִמֶּךָ

The details are explained in many places in Gemara, especially Mesechta Kiddushin.

4) (Mitzvas Asei #211) We need to have yirah for our parents like we would have for a king — that we should be afraid to do something against them. For example, we don’t sit in their place, and we don’t argue with what they say. (We don’t have to BE afraid of them, but we have to treat them the way we would treat someone we are afraid of.)

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Kedoshim: אִישׁ אִמּוֹ וְאָבִיו תִּירָאוּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Kiddushin.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Mamrim

Perek Daled: The Rambam tells us more about the Zakein Mamrei, a Talmid Chochom who argues with the Beis Din. He is not punished for just anything that he disagrees about, only about a serious aveira or something that could lead to a serious aveira.

Perek Hey: Now we start to learn about the two Mitzvas Lo Saasei about Kibud Av Va’eim. We learn about not cursing and not hurting our parents. One halacha that we learn is that if the son is a doctor, and the father needs something done that will make him bleed, the son should try to find a different doctor to do it, and if there is no one else, he should ask permission first.

In Perek Vov we learn about the halachos of Kibud Av Va’em. One of the things that we learn is that we always have to listen to our mothers and fathers — but not if they tell us to do an aveira Chas Veshalom!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shaar Avos Hatumah - Perek Chof

There are differences in what kind of reshus something is in for tumah and tahara, like a Reshus Hayochid or a Reshus Horabim. We learn about what the differences are between these reshuyos for tumah and tahara, and for Shabbos.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Doing Yourself a Favor

During the Three Weeks, we add in learning Torah (especially halacha) and in tzedakah and Gemilus Chassadim, to speed up the Geulah. We see this in the posuk “Tzion Bemishpat Tipadeh Veshaveha BeTzedaka” — that Yerushalayim will be redeemed through learning Torah (mishpat) and giving tzedakah! To do these right, we need to also work on our Tefillah, where we make our connection to Hashem stronger, which helps us to learn Torah and give tzedakah properly.

Here is a story about how we should think about giving tzedakah and helping others:

One time the Rebbe Rashab told his son, the Frierdiker Rebbe, to travel to a place and help a certain businessman there.

When the Frierdiker Rebbe came back, he told his father what had happened. “I did everything you told me to do. I did the favor for the businessman in the best possible way.”

The Rebbe Rashab answered, “You are making a mistake. You did the favor to yourself, not to that person! For that person, Hashem did him a favor, by sending a shliach to help him. But what you did helped yourself much more.

“Like the Medrash says, ‘Yoser MiMah SheBaal HaBayis Oseh Im Ha’Oni, Ha’Oni Oseh Im Baal HaBayis.’ ‘More than the rich person does for the poor person (by giving him tzedakah), the poor person is doing for the rich person (by giving him the chance to do a mitzvah)’.”

See Igros Kodesh of the Frierdiker Rebbe, vol. 4 p. 46

 

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TEFILLAH

Elokai Neshama

The first thing we said in the morning was Modeh Ani, thanking Hashem for returning our neshama. But since we said Modeh Ani before washing Negel Vasser, we weren’t able to say this as a bracha, with Hashem’s name.

Now that we made our body clean (by washing out our mouth and using the bathroom) and washed our hands as a preparation for davening, we are able to say Hashem’s holy name. We said the bracha of Al Netilas Yodayim, and thanked Hashem for our healthy body in Asher Yatzar. Now we are able to properly thank Hashem for giving us a healthy neshama, with the bracha of Elokai Neshama!

In Elokai Neshama, we use different expressions about how our neshama was given to us. Chassidus explains that these correspond to the different olamos (Ruchnius’dike levels, called “worlds”) that the neshama goes through before coming into the Gashmius’dike world.

In this bracha, the Chachomim also remind us about Techiyas Hameisim! We hinted to it in Modeh Ani, with the words “Raba Emunasecha,” saying that Hashem is faithful and will give back our neshama at Techiyas Hameisim. Here, we say it clearly, that Hashem will take away our neshama, but return it again when Moshiach comes. This keeps our emunah in Techiyas Hameisim strong!

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Modeh Ani

When children are very young, we start teaching them to say Modeh Ani as soon as they wake up. And even for children that are too young to talk, it is a minhag that mothers say Modeh Ani FOR them!

See sicha of Parshas Vayeishev, 5749

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Hashem Will Make Us Tahor

Nowadays, we are all tomei. We can’t do anything about most of this tumah, because we don’t have the ashes of the Parah Adumah! But when Moshiach comes, Hashem will make us all tahor!

וְזָרַקְתִּי עֲלֵיכֶם מַיִם טְהוֹרִים וּטְהַרְתֶּם מִכֹּל טֻמְאוֹתֵיכֶם וּמִכָּל גִּלּוּלֵיכֶם אֲטַהֵר אֶתְכֶם

Vezarakti Aleichem Mayim Tehorim — I will sprinkle on you the water of the Parah Adumah

U’Tehartem — And you will become tahor!

Mikol Tumoseichem Umikol Giluleichem — From all of your tumah and from all of your Avodah Zarah

Ataher Es’chem — I will make you pure.

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Vov posuk Chof-Hey

 
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