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Chamishi with Rashi

Bilaam continues to give brachos to the Yidden.

Bilaam and Balak try again: Balak thought that maybe it would be easier to curse a few of the Yidden, since he won’t see them all together with all of their mitzvos. So they went up onto Har Nevo. Bilaam and Balak knew that something sad for the Yidden would happen there, and thought this would be from their curse! (Really, this is the mountain where Moshe Rabbeinu would later pass away.)

Hashem tells Bilaam to give the Yidden brachos: Again Balak made 7 Mizbeiachs and brought 2 korbanos on each. Bilaam tried to talk to Hashem again, and Hashem gave him another nevuah. Hashem told him that he can’t curse the Yidden, but he should BLESS them! Bilaam didn’t want to go back to do it, but Hashem told him he has to.

Balak made fun of Bilaam, asking him what Hashem told him. First Bilaam told Balak that Hashem is not a person — He never changes His mind. Then he told him what Hashem said — Hashem wants the Yidden blessed — so that is what he will have to do:

Bilaam gives the Yidden brachos: “Hashem doesn’t look at the aveiros of the Yidden — He loves them so much! They DESERVE brachos. The Yidden say Shema every day in the morning and at night, and Hashem protects them.”

Balak said, “Don’t curse them and don’t bless them! If you can’t curse them, don’t say anything!”

But Bilaam reminded Balak that he has to say whatever Hashem tells him to…



77 - 78

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Ayin-Zayin to Ayin-Ches.

Kapitel Ayin-Ches talks about all of the Nissim that Hashem did for the Yidden, from the time of Yetzias Mitzrayim until Dovid Hamelech became the king.

In the first posuk that talks about Dovid Hamelech, it says “Vayivchar BeDovid Avdo, Vayikacheihu Mimichle’os Tzon.” “Hashem chose Dovid, and He took him from the sheep pens.” (This is also a Chassidishe Niggun!)

Rashi explains how Dovid Hamelech took such special care of the sheep:

While Dovid Hamelech was taking care of the sheep, he noticed that not all of the sheep were getting food to eat! The big strong sheep would run very fast into the field and eat as much as they wanted. Then the older sheep and the baby sheep would come into the field, but there was no more soft grass left! The hard grass was hard for them to eat, so they were hungry.

So Dovid Hamelech built fences for the sheep. He put the strong sheep behind one fence, the baby sheep behind another fence, and the older sheep behind the last fence.

When it was time for them to go out to the field to eat, Dovid Hamelech first let out the baby sheep. They ran into the field and ate the very soft grass that was easy for their baby teeth to chew. Then Dovid Hamelech let the older sheep come in. There was plenty of softer grass left for them, and they ate until they were full. Finally, Dovid Hamelech let the strong sheep come out into the field. Even though most of the grass that was left was very hard and chewy, their teeth were strong and they were happy to eat it all up.

Hashem saw how Dovid Hamelech was careful to take care of every single sheep with exactly what it needs! Hashem knew that someone who takes good care of even a little sheep will also take good care of every single Yid! That’s why Hashem chose Dovid to be the king of the Yidden.

Moshe Rabbeinu was also a shepherd who took care of every single sheep, and he took care of every single Yid very carefully throughout all of his years of leading the Yidden.

Hashem makes sure that every Nasi who leads the Yidden will take care of each of them! Our Rebbe, our Nasi, also takes care of every single Yid, making sure that each of us have exactly what we need.

(Here’s a video clip that shows this: http://chabad.org/929769 )



Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Daled

We need to learn about how special a Yid’s neshama is, so that we will understand what happens when he does an aveira (Chas Veshalom) and how he can do teshuvah.

Like we said, a Yid’s neshama is different than a malach because we have a very strong chayus from Hashem, and Hashem’s name of Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay is inside of every Yiddishe neshama.

What do those letters mean?

The four letters of Hashem’s name are the 10 Sefiros Hashem used to make the world. Hashem made two kinds of worlds: Hidden worlds that are very Ruchnius’dik and can’t be seen (similar to the world inside the ocean — there are fish and plants and even rivers and mountains underneath, but we can’t see them!), and a world we CAN see (similar to dry land, with animals and mountains that we CAN see).

The first two letters of Hashem’s name made the HIDDEN Ruchnius worlds, and the second two letters made the Gashmius world we CAN see.

In tomorrow’s Tanya we will IY”H see that the four letters of Hashem’s Name, which are the ten Sefiros, are also the ten kochos in the neshama of a Yid, which has the name of Hashem inside of it.



Tes-Vov Tammuz

The Rebbe Rashab writes in a maamar that Ruchnius can sometimes make our Gashmius body feel full! We can enjoy Ruchnius so much that it’s even better than food!

R’ Nachum of Chernobyl loved answering Amen Yehei Shmei Rabbah (in Kadddish) so much, that it made him fat!

Someone once came to the Rebbetzin in her home after a farbrengen with the Rebbe that ended very late. When the Rebbetzin asked him if he wants to eat something, he answered that he is not hungry. The Rebbetzin replied, “That’s not surprising — a farbrengen zetikt ohn, a farbrengen makes you feel full.”



Mitzvas Asei #245

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #245) is the same mitzvah again. When we sell something to another Yid, or buy something from another Yid, we have to do it the Torah way! There are many halachos that we need to follow to make sure we are doing it right.



Hilchos Zechiya U'Matana

In today’s Rambam, we learn halachos about special kinds of presents:

In Perek Zayin, we learn about Shushvinus: In the olden days, when a person wanted to get married, his friends would all give him money. Then, he would have to give THEM money when they were ready to get married. Since this was like a loan, not like a real present, in some cases they would be able to demand the money back through the Beis Din.

Perek Ches teaches us that with a Shechiv MeRa, someone very sick, there are some special rules, to make it easier for a person to give presents to his family before he passes away. The halacha is that these presents are only given if he does pass away — if he gets better, he can change his mind or give them in the regular way.

Perek Tes has halachos about times when we might think the Shechiv MeRa’s presents shouldn’t count.



Hilchos Isurei Biah - Perek Tes-Zayin

Today we learn the halachos about a man who is not able to have children.



Ahavas Yisroel

Here’s a story with a lesson about Ahavas Yisroel, that the Rebbe told over at a farbrengen.

One time, when the Rebbe Rashab was still a little boy, he was playing a game with his older brother, the Raz”a (R’ Zalman Aharon). They were playing a game of Rebbe and chossid!

The Rebbe Rashab pretended that he was a chossid coming into Yechidus. “Rebbe,” he said. “I need a tikun! What should I do?”

“What did you do wrong?” asked the Raz”a, who was pretending to be the Rebbe.

“I cracked nuts on Shabbos,” answered the Rebbe Rashab, “and I only found out afterwards that the Alter Rebbe says we aren’t allowed to do that on Shabbos.”

The Raz”a told him, “your tikun is to be careful to daven and say brachos only from a siddur, and not by heart!”

The Rebbe Rashab didn’t agree to do this as a tikun!

When his mother (Rebbetzin Rivka) asked why, the Rebbe Rashab answered that it wouldn’t help — because his brother is not a Rebbe. When a Rebbe helps a Yid, he sighs before he answers, because it bothers him too! Since the Raz”a didn’t sigh, his advice won’t help either.


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Tikun Chatzos

The Gemara and the Zohar teach us that there are certain times of night when Hashem cries over the Churban of the Beis Hamikdash. The Zohar says that a person should cry together with Hashem over the Beis Hamikdash. Then, he will also deserve to celebrate together with Hashem when the Beis Hamikdash is rebuilt!

The Alter Rebbe explains in Tanya that our aveiros send the last Hey of Hashem’s name into Golus. This is called Golus HaShechinah.

During Kriyas Shema She’al Hamitah and Tikun Chatzos, we make a Cheshbon Hanefesh. We do teshuvah for our aveiros, so that the letters of Hashem’s name can come out of Golus and make Hashem’s name in our neshama whole again.

The Alter Rebbe says that even if someone can’t do Tikun Chatzos every night, he should try to do it at least once a week.



Tikun Chatzos

Shortly after the Rebbe became Nosi, someone asked the Rebbe a question: “If it says in Tanya that we should say Tikun Chatzos at least once a week, why aren’t people doing it?”

The Rebbe answered that Tikun Chatzos is only for special people. The rest of us fulfill the inyan of Tikun Chatzos by learning Chassidus, especially on Thursday night!

In a maamar (Margela Bepumei 5746), the Rebbe tells us that since we are so close to the Geulah, now our main learning of Chassidus should be not so much to think about the Golus our aveiros caused. Instead, we should make a Cheshbon Hanefesh to help us come to do teshuvah in a way of simcha, to have more chayus in learning Torah and davening and living the way a Yid should!

This will help us bring a Geulah for ourselves, and for all the Yidden!

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Moshiach Will Be Our Leader!

The Navi Yechezkel warned the leaders of the Yidden that Hashem did not like the way they were acting! Instead of taking care of the Yidden, they were just using their power to have kavod and money.

Hashem will not let “leaders” like that stay in charge! In the time of the Geulah, Hashem will send the “sheep” (the Yidden) a true shepherd (Moshiach) to take proper care of them.

The Navi continues telling the Yidden what Hashem promises:

וַאֲנִי ה׳ אֶהְיֶה לָהֶם לֵאלֹקִים וְעַבְדִּי דָוִד נָשִׂיא בְתוֹכָם אֲנִי ה׳ דִּבַּרְתִּי

Va’ani Hashem Eheyeh Lahem Leilokim — I, Hashem, will be their Aibishter to save them

Ve’avdi Dovid Nasi Besocham — And Moshiach, who comes from Dovid Hamelech, will be their prince.

Ani Hashem Dibarti — I, Hashem, have said this, so it will definitely happen!

See Yechezkel perek Lamed-Daled posuk Chof-Daled

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