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CHUMASH

Parshas Pinchas - Revi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, we finish the story of the daughters of Tzelofchad. Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu that he will pass away, and Moshe makes sure that there will be a good leader for the Yidden in the next generation.

Tzelofchad’s daughters wanted a piece of Eretz Yisroel very much! Moshe Rabbeinu asked Hashem what to do.

Hashem told Moshe that Tzelofchad’s daughters are right!

Every family gets a piece of Eretz Yisroel. Usually, if the father passed away, it goes to his sons. But if there are no sons, it should go to his daughters! And if chas veshalom there are no daughters either, it should go to his brothers, or to his closest relative.

So Tzelofchad’s daughters WILL get his piece of Eretz Yisroel, and it will stay with his family forever.

~

Moshe Rabbeinu was hoping that since Hashem was telling him about dividing Eretz Yisroel, maybe Hashem’s decree that he wouldn’t be able to enter Eretz Yisroel is gone, and he WILL be able to go in! But Hashem told Moshe no. Soon he will go up on Har Nevo, where he will be able to SEE Eretz Yisroel, but he won’t get to go there. He will pass away on Har Nevo, like Aharon did. (When Moshe Rabbeinu saw the way Aharon passed away, he hoped that he would pass away the same way. Hashem told him now that he would.)

When Moshe heard he would pass away soon, he was worried about one thing: Who would take care of the Yidden? Will this leader take care of each person, and go out with them when they fight, and have enough zechus to keep the Yidden safe?

Hashem told Moshe that his sons wouldn’t get the job, but his Talmid, Yehoshua bin Nun, would.

Hashem told Moshe to put his hand on Yehoshua, and give Yehoshua some of his special kochos. Moshe should show the Yidden that he respects Yehoshua, so they will listen to him when he becomes their Nasi.

Still, someone from Moshe’s family will be very important — Yehoshua will need to ask Elazar the Kohen Gadol, Moshe’s nephew, before going to fight any wars.

Moshe did even more than what Hashem asked — he put BOTH hands on Yehoshua, giving him many more kochos and making his face shine!

 
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TEHILLIM

104 - 105

Today’s shiur Tehillim is kapitelach Kuf-Daled and Kuf-Hey.

In kapitel Kuf-Daled (104), there is a posukMoh Rabu Maasecha Hashem!” How great are the works of Hashem!

There are many maamorim in Chassidus that explain this posuk. There is a maamar from the Rebbe Rashab that starts with this posuk and explains it — and there is a story behind it!

Once the Rebbe Rashab was learning with the Poltaver Rav, R’ Yaakov Mordechai Bezpalov. The Frierdiker Rebbe was 3 or 4 years old, and his bed was in the room where they were learning.

R’ Yaakov Mordechai looked over at the sleeping boy, and said that his shining face showed the kedusha that he had!

When the Rebbe Rashab heard that, he felt that he wanted to kiss his son. But he stopped himself, and instead wrote a maamar called Moh Rabu Maasecha Hashem. When the Frierdiker Rebbe got older, the Rebbe Rashab gave him the maamar, and told him, “this is a Chassidisher kush!” Years later, he told him the story.

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Daled

We need to learn about how special a Yid’s neshama is, so that we will understand what happens when he does an aveira (Chas Veshalom) and how he can do teshuvah.

Like we said, a Yid’s neshama is different than a malach because we have a very strong chayus from Hashem, and Hashem’s name of Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay is inside of every Yiddishe neshama.

What do those letters mean?

The four letters of Hashem’s name are the 10 Sefiros Hashem used to make the world. Hashem made two kinds of worlds: Hidden worlds that are very Ruchnius’dik and can’t be seen (similar to the world inside the ocean — there are fish and plants and even rivers and mountains underneath, but we can’t see them!), and a world we CAN see (similar to dry land, with animals and mountains that we CAN see).

The first two letters of Hashem’s name made the HIDDEN Ruchnius worlds, and the second two letters made the world we CAN see.

Now we will learn more about how we see these letters in the neshama of every Yid:

The first two letters of Hashem’s name (the sefiros of the hidden parts of the world) is the koach a Yid has to think about Hashem. We think about how Hashem gives us chayus, and how lucky we are that Hashem chose us as the Yidden to be His precious nation! That is HIDDEN — what we are thinking and feeling.

The second letters shine when we ACT the way a Yid should act — like learning Torah and doing mitzvos. Those are things we can see! That’s from the second part of Hashem’s name, that makes things we can see.

This is what the letters of Hashem’s name are in the neshama of a Yid.

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Alef Tammuz

There is a part of the Ruchnius’dike Beis Hamikdash in every Yid, the Pintele Yid. This can never be destroyed.

The Rebbe tells us a halacha we need to know during the Three Weeks: We don’t say Shehecheyanu during the whole Three Weeks, even on Shabbos!

~

During the Three Weeks, we are remembering the Beis Hamikdash, and that because of our aveiros, we don’t have it now. Of course we know that Moshiach is coming very soon and that the Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt.

But there is more good news — even in the time that we don’t have the Beis Hamikdash, we still have the Kosel HaMaaravi, and Hashem’s Shechinah is there all the time!

Every Yid also has a “Beis Hamikdash” inside of his neshama, where Hashem rests. If a person doesn’t act the way he should, it could also get destroyed, chas veshalom

But even then, there is a part of his own “Beis Hamikdash,” like the Kosel Hamaaravi, that can never be destroyed. There is a part of Hashem, the pintele yid, that is ALWAYS inside of a Yid and will never leave.

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #327 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #285

Today’s mitzvah (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #285) is that it is asur for a person to say not-true eidus. This is one of the Aseres Hadibros!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Yisro: לֹא תַעֲנֶה בְרֵעֲךָ עֵד שָׁקֶר

The mitzvah is repeated in Parshas Va’eschanan: עֵד שָׁוְא

The Torah uses the words “Eid Sheker” about this mitzvah in the Aseres Hadibros, and then different words, “Eid Shav” when Moshe Rabbeinu repeats the Aseres Hadibros in Parshas Vaeschanan.

People who say not-true eidus (with certain conditions) are called Eidim Zomemim, and whatever their eidus would cause the other person to be punished with becomes THEIR punishment — so if their eidus would have made the person chayav to get malkos, the Eidim Zomemim each get malkos. (Giving this punishment is tomorrow’s mitzvah.)

The details of this mitzvah are explained in the beginning of Mesechta Makos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Eidus

In today’s Rambam we learn the halachos of today’s mitzvah, about not saying not-true eidus.

Today’s perakim of Rambam are Perakim Yud-Zayin, Yud-Ches, and Yud-Tes.

When we learn about not-true eidus, we see certain halachos that are much stricter than any other mitzvah!

1) Before eidim say their eidus, the Beis Din gives them a very strong warning, saying that if their eidus is not true, they will be embarrassed in this world and in Olam Haba!

2) If someone asked another person to just STAND there, without even saying anything, so a person will think that there are two eidim, it is still asur.

3) We also see by Eidim Zomemim, that if they try to make someone Chayav Misa, the Beis Din makes an announcement about it in all the cities so everyone will know.

In the farbrengen of Purim Katan Tof-Shin-Mem-Vov, the Rebbe explained why the Torah is so strict with Eidus Sheker: Most mitzvos are DETAILS in how a person does his shlichus in the world, but this mitzvah is the GENERAL shlichus of a Yid in the world. The Navi calls Yidden Eidim (witnesses) of Hashem, because when people see how a Yid behaves, it is like an eid — showing the world that Hashem is here! But if a person is chas veshalom an Eid Sheker, he is making a Chillul Hashem and going against his whole shlichus! That is why these halachos are so strict.

This shows us how important it is to behave in a way that will make a Kiddush Hashem!

That farbrengen, which was about today’s shiur in Rambam, was about two weeks before the Siyum HoRambam. The Rebbe encouraged everyone to be involved in making and going to the siyumim! This year there will IY”H be a live international Siyum Horambam for children, broadcast from Camp Gan Yisroel. (If you didn’t already get an invitation, look out for the details and make sure to be there!)

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shaar Avos Hatumah - Perek Yud-Zayin

This perek teaches us the halachos about when something we are not sure is tomei gets moved to another place.

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Guarding the Beis Hamikdash

In the halachos of the Beis Hamikdash, the Rambam writes that there is a mitzvah to guard the Beis Hamikdash. We don’t guard it because we are afraid of robbers or enemies, we guard it to show honor for the Shechinah that rests in the Beis Hamikdash!

Even after the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, the kedusha stays. In the seferMishkenos Laavir Yaakov”, it says that because of this kedusha, nowadays we should still keep the mitzvah of guarding the place of the Beis Hamikdash!

We don’t actually keep this mitzvah anymore, because it would be dangerous with all of the goyim that are there now.

Still, b’ruchniyus we do have a Beis Hamikdash to guard! The Shechinah rests inside our homes, and inside the Cheder Tzivos Hashem of every child. We need to guard our Beis Hamikdash and make sure it is kavodik for the Shechinah to rest there. We need to make sure that our Chumash, our Siddur, and our pushka are in the right place, neat, and ready to be used!

See Sichas Shabbos Parshas Shemini 5750

 

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TEFILLAH

Al Netilas Yodayim

After washing our hands for the second time in the morning, we say the bracha of Al Netilas Yodayim. In this bracha, we bentch Hashem for making us holy with the mitzvah the Chachomim gave us, of washing our hands.

The bracha finishes with the words “Al Netilas Yodayim,” “about the washing of the hands.”

Actually, there is a better word for “washing” in Lashon Kodesh, “Rechitzah.” One of the reasons why the word “Netilah” was chosen is because in Aramaic, it also means “to elevate (in kedusha).” (The words “Vatisa’eini Ruach,” “and a wind lifted me up” are translated as “Unetaltani Rucha.”) This washing of the hands is like the kohen who washes his hands to make himself holy to serve in the Beis Hamikdash! We too wash our hands to make ourselves holy to serve Hashem throughout the day.

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Preparing for Birchos Hashachar

We say Modeh Ani right away when we wake up, to remind ourselves that Hashem is watching us. When we remember that, we will wake up with zerizus to serve Him!

We still need to prepare ourselves before we continue with saying the Birchos Hashachar.

First, we wash Negel Vasser by our bed, using the water we prepared the night before. The reason for this is to take away the Ruach Ra which comes onto a person at night. The Zohar is very strict about this, and we don’t touch the openings of our body or walk four amos before we take off this Ruach Ra.

We need to make sure that we have a clean body (Guf Naki) and a clean mouth (Peh Naki). We use the bathroom and wash out our mouths before we continue.

It is best to get dressed also before saying Birchos Hashachar. In some of the brachos, we will be praising Hashem for things that have to do with being dressed. Lechatchila, it is best to say these brachos when we already did those things.

Then, we wash our hands again and say the bracha. We can’t make the bracha until we wash our hands with a clean body and a clean mouth.

There is also another reason for washing this negel vasser: We are washing our hands like a kohen, who washes his hands and feet from the kiyor before starting his Avodah in the Beis Hamikdash. Just as the kohen washes his hands to do his avodah with kedusha and tahara, we wash our hands to start our day’s avodah with kedusha as well.

(Going to the mikvah also brings kedusha and tahara to a person. This is why many men go to the mikvah in the morning before davening. Because it isn’t always easy to get to a mikvah, the Chachomim didn’t make it a chiyuv. Still, it is an important minhag of Chassidim!)

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Chanukas Hamizbeiach

While the Yidden were in Golus after the first Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, the Navi Yechezkel got a very special nevuah from Hashem.

In this nevuah, Yechezkel saw the third Beis Hamikdash! A malach showed him the sizes of all of the parts of the Beis Hamikdash, so he would know how to build it!

Hashem also told Yechezkel about the Chanukas Hamizbeiach of the third Beis Hamikdash. The Navi was told that the Chanukas Hamizbeiach would be after the time of Techiyas Hameisim, and Yechezkel himself (who was a kohen) would be in charge of showing the kohanim what to do, together with Aharon Hakohen!

In this posuk, we see that Hashem promises Yechezkel that he will have Techiyas Hameisim and have the special zechus of being in charge of the Chanukas Hamizbeiach:

וְנָתַתָּה אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם אֲשֶׁר הֵם מִזֶּרַע צָדוֹק הַקְּרֹבִים אֵלַי נְאֻם ה׳ אֶלֹקִים לְשָׁרְתֵנִי פַּר בֶּן בָּקָר לְחַטָּאת

Venasata — You, Yechezkel, will be the one to give

El Hakohanim Haleviim — to the kohanim from Shevet Levi

Asher Heim Mizera Tzadok — who come from Tzadok, the first Kohen Gadol in the first Beis Hamikdash

Hakrovim Eilai, Ne’um Hashem Elokim, Lesharseini — who Hashem says are close to Me, to serve Me;

Par Ben Bakar Lechatas — you will give them a young bull for a korban Chatas.

During the Three Weeks, we learn about the Beis Hamikdash, so it will be like we are actually building it! One of the things we learn is the pesukim in Yechezkel about the Third Beis Hamikdash. Even though the meforshim say that many things are not explained completely in Yechezkel’s nevuah, by learning it the best way we can, we are doing our part! When Moshiach comes, Yechezkel will be there to teach us exactly how to build it! Then, the Beis Hamikdash from Shomayim will come down into the Beis Hamikdash that the Yidden built, and make it a Beis Hamikdash that will last forever!

See Yechezkel perek Mem-Gimmel posuk Yud-Tes

 
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