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Parshas Pinchas - Shvi'i with Rashi

In today’s Chumash, Hashem tells Moshe Rabbeinu to remind the Yidden about the korbanos of Sukkos and Shemini Atzeres.

SUKKOS: There are many korbanos on Sukkos! We bring 2 rams, 13 lambs, and a goat every day, but a different number of bulls. (Can you figure out the pattern?)

Day #1: Bring 13 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs, AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #2: Bring 12 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #3: Bring 11 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #4: Bring 10 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #5: Bring 9 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #6: Bring 8 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas
Day #7: Bring 7 bulls, 2 rams, and 13 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas

SHMINI ATZERES: (like the Korbanos of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur) 1 bull, 1 ram, and 7 lambs AND a goat for a Chatas.

Each animal brought for a Korban Olah also needs a Mincha with fine flour (soles) and oil, and a Nesech (wine).

For each lamb (Keves) : 1/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/4 hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine
For each ram (Ayil): 2/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/3 hin of oil, and 1/3 hin of wine
For each bull (Par): 3/10 eifah of flour mixed with 1/2 hin of oil, and 1/2 hin of wine

Rashi explains that the numbers of Korbanos we bring on Sukkos remind us of different things in our history!

Moshe reminded the Yidden about all of these Korbanos, just like Hashem told him to.



90 - 96

Today’s kapitelach Tehillim are Tzadik to Tzadik-Vov.

In today’s Tehillim, we have the kapitel that the Leviim would sing in the Beis Hamikdash on Shabbos — the Shir Shel Yom for Shabbos.

One of the pesukim in this kapitel speaks about how everybody thanks Hashem on Shabbos. Chassidus explains on the words “Tov Lehodos LaHashem” (it is good to praise Hashem) that it’s the goodness of Hashem that makes people praise him. Of course Hashem is always good, but on Shabbos we can FEEL it, so that’s why especially on Shabbos His goodness makes us want to thank and praise Hashem!



Igeres Hateshuvah Perek Vov

We said that when a Yid does an aveira chas veshalom, he can get Tumah Chayus. Today we will see that not only CAN he get that kind of chayus, but he gets A LOT!


When a Yid does an aveira, the Hey of Hashem’s name gets separated from the other letters, like we learned before.

Where does it go to? To the koach of tumah!

Who made it go there? The person who did the aveira, chas veshalom. The koach of tumah is VERY happy to get the chayus — so happy, that it gives a lot of chayus to the person who did the aveira! Of course this is not good chayus, but it does make it possible to live a tumah life for a long time.

(Since he is alive, he has more chances to do teshuvah, and Hashem certainly helps every Yid to do teshuvah!)

When a Yid does Teshuvah, then the Hey comes out of its Golus in the tumah, and goes back to being part of Hashem’s name!

Now we understand what Teshuvah is all about: It’s bringing the Hey out of the koach of Tumah, where a Yid puts it when he does an aveira. His Teshuvah brings the Hey back to where it should be! Now, instead of the person getting his chayus from tumah, he is again able to receive his chayus from kedusha.



Yud-Tes Tammuz

Did you ever go on a long trip? Hopefully you didn’t forget to say Tefillas Haderech!

The Rebbe Rashab had a minhag that even when he was on a LONG trip, staying in one place for months and months, he STILL said Tefillas Haderech EVERY DAY. Since there is no chiyuv to say the bracha, in order not to say a bracha for no reason, he didn’t say Hashem’s name in the bracha at the end.



Shiur #2 - Hakdama

Today’s Sefer Hamitzvos gives us the rules the Rambam used to decide which mitzvos are counted in the 613 mitzvos. (Besides for the Rambam, there are other Chachomim who count the mitzvos differently. Here the Rambam shows us why he counts the mitzvos specifically this way.)

In today’s Sefer Hamitzvos we will learn the first 4 rules of how to decide if something is counted as a mitzvah:

1) The mitzvos D’Rabbonon aren’t counted in the 613 mitzvos; it has to be in the pesukim of the Torah.

2) It has to be SAID in the Torah, not something we learn from a hint.

3) It has to be a mitzvah that is ALWAYS a mitzvah (so a mitzvah about the Mishkan that we don’t keep in the Beis Hamikdash isn’t counted)

4) We only count mitzvos that are said in a specific way, not things like “do everything Hashem tells you to.”

The details of the 14 rules the Rambam uses to count the mitzvos are very long. The Rambam gives many proofs and examples to explain each of the rules! In the Moreh Shiur, it says that they can be learned over time, even after we already start learning the actual mitzvos. (We divided them up by learning 4 rules today, and 5 tomorrow and the next day.)



Mitzvos Asei

In Rambam, we are counting the mitzvos! Today we say a list of all 248 Mitzvos Asei (those are the mitzvos that are about something we need to DO for Hashem — the mitzvos Lo Saasei are the things Hashem asks us NOT to do).

Did you know what the Rambam says is the very first mitzvah? To know that there is a Hashem! That’s a mitzvah that you can do all the time!




Today’s Rambam explains how the Gemara works, and how halacha is decided through the generations.



Hilchos Beis Habechira

After the first Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, Hashem told the Navi Yechezkel to teach the Yidden all of the measurements of the Beis Hamikdash. This way they will be embarrassed of their aveiros and want to go back and have the Beis Hamikdash again.

The Medrash tells us that Yechezkel asked Hashem, “What is the point of telling this to the Yidden, if they aren’t building it now anyway?”

Hashem answered Yechezkel, “If the Yidden learn about the Beis Hamikdash, I will consider it as if they are really building it!”

The Rebbe tells us that because of this, during the Three Weeks, when we are thinking about the Churban, we should learn about the way the Beis Hamikdash was built. This way it will be with us through our learning, and the feeling of the Churban won’t be as strong. It will also make us ask for the THIRD Beis Hamikdash, and Hashem will give it to us right away!

See Likutei Sichos chelek Yud-Ches, parshas Masei — Bein Hameitzarim


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Modeh Ani

Before we enjoy a tasty bite
A sweet, sweet smell, or a beautiful sight

We say a bracha to thank Hashem
For creating all of them!

Every morning, we realize
That we got a gift, when we open our eyes.

Our neshama has been returned again
A special gift straight from Hashem!

Just like the Birchos Hanehenin, the brachos on enjoying Hashem’s wonderful world, we also thank Hashem for our neshama in Modeh Ani. We can’t thank Hashem BEFORE starting to enjoy being awake and alive, but as soon as we open our eyes, we thank Hashem right away! We are about to enjoy the pleasure of having our neshama and chayus back again, in time for a new day.

Modeh Ani doesn’t look like a bracha, because our hands are still tomei, and we can’t say Hashem’s name yet. That’s why it doesn’t start with the words “Baruch Ata Hashem.”

Later, after washing our hands and saying Asher Yatzar, we will thank Hashem again for returning our neshama, with the bracha of Elokai Neshama.



Modeh Ani

When we wake up, before we wash Negel Vasser, we say Modeh Ani.

How soon do we have to say Modeh Ani after we wake up?

In Shulchan Aruch, the Alter Rebbe tells us that we need to say Modeh Animiyad,” right away! We shouldn’t wait at all. Right away when we wake up, we say Modeh Ani.

In other places in halacha, we use a different word, “teikef.” If we do something “teikef,” we can’t wait very long either! But “teikef” is still an amount of time, even though it is a short amount of time. “Miyad” means right away, without waiting at all!

See Shulchan Menachem vol. 1, p. 2

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Torah and Tzedakah Bring Moshiach!

During the Three Weeks, the Rebbe taught us to learn more Torah and give more tzedakah. Especially on Shabbos, we should learn even MORE Torah, and give tzedakah in a way we are allowed to, like by having Hachnosas Orchim or giving extra tzedakah before Shabbos.

We learn this from a posuk in Yeshaya. First the Navi tells the Yidden that they are not acting the way they should, which is causing the Churban. Then he promises them that the Beis Hamikdash will be rebuilt in zechus of their Torah and tzedakah!

צִיּוֹן בְּמִשְׁפָּט תִּפָּדֶה וְשָׁבֶיהָ בִּצְדָקָה

Tzion Bemishpat Tipadeh — Yerushalayim will be redeemed in the zechus of Mishpat (which means Torah)

Veshaveha Bitzedakah — And its captives will be redeemed through tzedakah!

See Yeshayahu perek Alef posuk Chof-Zayin

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