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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayakhel-Pekudei - Chamishi with Rashi

Today Betzalel and Oholiav make the Efod and the Choshen Mishpat — exactly the way Hashem told Moshe to!

We learned how these things are made in Parshas Tetzaveh, when Hashem gave the instructions to Moshe Rabbeinu. In today’s Chumash we learn how the Yidden actually make them. In today’s Inyana D’Yoma section we will learn a sicha of the Rebbe explaining why the Torah tells us all of the details again, instead of just saying in short that the Yidden did what Hashem said to Moshe!

 
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TEHILLIM

108 - 112

Today’s kapitelach are Kuf-Ches through Kuf-Yud-Beis.

In Kapitel Kuf-Tes, Dovid Hamelech says “Ki Oni Ve’evyon Anochi, VeLibi Cholal BeKirbi.” “I am like a poor person, and my heart is empty inside of me.”

What does Dovid Hamelech mean?

The Gemara explains that Dovid Hamelech was saying that HALF of his heart is empty — the part where the Yetzer Hara usually is!

In Tanya, the Alter Rebbe teaches that that’s what a Tzadik means — someone who doesn’t have a Yetzer Hara.

Most of us DO have a Yetzer Tov AND a Yetzer Hara, and we have to fight all the time for the Yetzer Tov to win.

Now we are learning in Tanya that even though a beinoni always has a Yetzer Hara that he needs to deal with, he shouldn’t be upset because his avodah is really doing the same thing as a tzadik’s avodah — making a place for the Shechinah to shine and bringing Moshiach!

 
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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Vov

We are all very excited for Moshiach to come!

We learned in the last perek that when Moshiach comes, Elokus will be revealed in the world, just like at the time of Matan Torah. In this perek, the Alter Rebbe will show us that the mitzvos we do in the time of Golus is what makes this happen!

If you look around the room, you will see lots of kinds of things. Chairs, or couches, tables, toys, food, papers… These kinds of things get their chayus from Kelipas Noga, like a kind of “peel” that blocks it from kedusha. This is what makes it possible for there to be Golus, where kedusha is hidden.

When we do a mitzvah, it makes some of the light of Hashem come into the world — into the things we used to do the mitzvah! Now instead of getting chayus from kelipah, they get chayus from kedusha! Now these Gashmius things in the world become part of kedusha and are able to shine with Hashem’s light!

Even though we will be able to SEE this only when Moshiach comes, it is already shining now with the mitzvah that we did!

This helps us understand what the Chachomim say, “Sechar Mitzvah Mitzvah” — the reward for a mitzvah is a mitzvah. The Alter Rebbe tells us that the reward is the mitzvah itself! The reward is the Geulah, when the light of Hashem will shine in this world! The mitzvah that we did is making the reward of the Geulah happen — the light of Hashem that shines in the world, in a place that used to be kelipah!

In fact, this doesn’t only happen with Gashmius’dike things that we use for a mitzvah. It also happens with our own Nefesh Habehamis! When we use the koach of our body to do a mitzvah, our Nefesh Habehamis is helping us. Since we used it to do a mitzvah, the light of Hashem also shines in it! This way, even our Nefesh Habehamis becomes part of Kedusha!

This helps us understand something that it says in the Gemara:

The Gemara says that if a person uses all of his energy to say words of Torah, he won’t forget it. If not, he will forget it.

Why is this? Forgetting comes from the kelipah of the guf. But when we make the kelipah of the guf weaker by using all of our koach in the words of Torah and Tefillah, then the kelipah isn’t there anymore to make us forget! That kelipah has become part of kedusha too!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Gimmel Adar

The Hayom Yom was written for a year where there were TWO Adars (a Shana Me’uberes). This year there is only ONE Adar (a Shanah Peshutah), so we learn BOTH Hayom Yoms every day!

Chof-Gimmel Adar Alef

This Hayom Yom is from a letter the Frierdiker Rebbe wrote to a Rav who was feeling bad. He lived in America, and felt like he wasn’t accomplishing anything with the American Jews who he felt were not interested in Yiddishkeit. The Frierdiker Rebbe gave him an eitzah of what to do, and also this hora’ah about how he should think about himself:

The Rabbonim are the heads of the Yidden. Just like in a body, the head needs to be healthy for the rest of the body to be healthy, when the Rabbonim are strong and healthy b’Ruchnius, this will affect the rest of the Yidden as well.

Chof-Gimmel Adar Sheini

This Hayom Yom talks about a Rav’s job:

A Rav has a very big responsibility! He can help so many people to do mitzvos… but if he tells them to do the wrong thing, he can make many people do an aveira, Chas Veshalom.

Being Mezakeh Es HoRabim, helping many people do a mitzvah, is a TREMENDOUS thing! It is a huge mitzvah!

But making many people do the wrong thing is a TERRIBLE aveira.

A Rav needs to recognize how every decision is a very big deal, and take his responsibility very seriously!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #227 - Mitzvas Asei #98

Today’s mitzvah is the same one again (Mitzvas Asei #98) that we need to know about how food can become Tomei, so we can follow all of those halachos.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Tumas Ochlin

In today’s Rambam, we learn more about how food and drinks can become tomei.

In Perek Yud we learn about other kinds of liquids that make things tomei, because they are like the seven kinds of liquids we learned about before. For example, tears are like regular water. So if someone tomei cries, their tears can make things tomei.

Perek Yud-Alef has special halachos about grapes and olives, and how they become tomei.

Perek Yud-Beis teaches us about wet foods becoming tomei: We learn that only if they are wet ON PURPOSE, and the person wanted them to get wet, can they become tomei from being wet. So if water splashed on a fruit that you wanted to keep dry, it can’t become tomei. The Rambam gives us many examples so we will understand what is “on purpose” and “wanting” food to get wet. (For example, if someone had to hide their food in a wet place so nobody will steal it, it’s not counted that they wanted it to get wet.)

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Malveh VeLoveh - Perek Chof-Gimmel

Perek Chof-Gimmel has halachos about when we say that a shtar doesn’t count. If it is ripped or smudged, it is fine as long as we can still read it. We learn that the Beis Din tears a shtar in a certain way — ripping it into 4 pieces. If a shtar is ripped that way, the shtar doesn’t mean anything anymore!

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chassidishe Parsha

We’re learning about the Mishkan now in Chumash, but it’s not the first time! We just learned about the Mishkan before.

If we look at both places where we talk about the Mishkan, we will see one very big difference — the order.

In Parshas Terumah and Tetzaveh, we first learn about 1. the keilim of the Mishkan building, then 2. the building of the Mishkan, and finally about 3. keeping Shabbos.

In Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei, we first learn about 1. keeping Shabbos, then we learn about 2. the building of the Mishkan, and finally we learn about 3. the keilim that went inside.

But that’s exactly backwards! Why?

Chassidus teaches us that each of these three things mean something different in Ruchnius:

1. Keeping Shabbos means the extra neshama, the Neshama Yeseira (Yechidah) that we get on Shabbos — especially during the special tefillos of Shabbos!

2. The Mishkan building, the walls and curtains, are like the mitzvos that we do.

3. The keilim of the Mishkan mean the Torah that we learn.

The first time we learned about the Mishkan, we learned about it the way Hashem sees it. But in Parshas Vayakhel, we are learning about the Mishkan the way WE need to do it!

In our Avodas Hashem, we need to use the second order — first Shabbos, then the building, then the keilim.

First we need to start with the koach of Shabbos, the Neshama Yeseira. On Shabbos, we don’t need to work, so we are able to daven for a long time (b’arichus) on Shabbos. We need to use our Neshama Yeseira, and especially our tefillos, to have chayus in our Torah and mitzvos. This koach will last us all week! We can use this koach when we do mitzvos, and finally that will give us koach in our learning and understanding Torah!

See Torah Ohr, Parshas Vayakhel

 

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TEFILLAH

Story

The Rebbe told over this story many times during farbrengens — more than ten times throughout the years!

The Rebbe heard this story from the Frierdiker Rebbe, who said it in the name of the Rebbe Rashab, about his father-in-law, the son of the Tzemach Tzedek, whom the Frierdiker Rebbe was named after:

HoRav HaTzadik R’ Yosef Yitzchok, the son of the Tzemach Tzedek, was married to the daughter of R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser (who was not a Chabad chossid). While Chabad Chassidim daven for a long time, with a lot of hisbonenus, other types of Chassidim did not follow this derech. They would just daven together with the minyan, however long that took.

When R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser asked R’ Yosef Yitzchok about his derech in davening, R’ Yosef Yitzchok answered that he davensBetzibur.” (This usually means davening with a minyan.) R’ Yaakov Yisroel was happy to hear that his son-in-law followed the same derech as him!

Once, however, R’ Yaakov Yisroel sent someone to call his son-in-law, and the messenger saw that he was still davening! R’ Yaakov Yisroel wondered why he was still davening, because the minyan had already finished!

A little while later, he sent someone again, and he saw that R’ Yosef Yitzchok was still davening!

This happened a few times until R’ Yosef Yitzchok was finally finished davening, which took a long time.

R’ Yaakov Yisroel Cherkasser asked his son-in-law, “Didn’t you say that you try to daven Betzibur?”

R’ Yosef Yitzchok answered that he heard from his father the Tzemach Tzedek, in the name of the Alter Rebbe, that the word “tzibur” comes from the word “Litzbor,” to gather. We gather together all of the ten kochos of the neshama, and all of the sparks of kedusha that we came in contact with, when we daven. That takes a long time!

This is the daveningbetzibur” that R’ Yosef Yitzchok was talking about — davening b’avodah.

See Likutei Sichos Chelek Beis p.477

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Learning the Halachos of Pesach

In the time of the Beis Hamikdash, the Chachomim made a takana that those who give drashos should start speaking about the halachos of the Yom Tov from 30 days before. So, for example, starting on Purim we start learning the halachos of Pesach.

This takana did not stop after the Churban, and every teacher has the responsibility to make sure that his students know the halachos of what to do.

These days, everything is written in seforim, so it’s a mitzvah for every person to learn the halachos before the Yom Tov so they know them well and they know what to do.

Now we even have halacha newsletters, which tell us in short the halachos of what to do in most situations, written in a clear and simple way! We should make sure to take the time to look at them so we know what to do and how to do it.

See Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Tof-Chof-Tes

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Hard Times Close to Geulah

Even though we are so close to the Geulah, and the Rebbe says that Moshiach is right here, there are sad things that happen. It still feels like Golus, and it is very hard.

The Or Hachama, a pirush on the Zohar, talks about this time. The Or Hachama says that even when the Geulah is ready from Hashem, there will still be hard things happening in the world. But there is something we can do about it!

The koach of Yiddishe kinderlach can take away these hard times. By children learning Torah and doing mitzvos, we are able to get rid of these painful last moments of Golus right before we will be able to see the Geulah — may it be NOW, mamosh!

See Pirush Or Hachama 9a; Sodos Hageulah, p. 135

 
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