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CHUMASH

Parshas Haazinu - Sheini with Rashi

Moshe Rabbeinu is continuing to speak to the heavens and the earth. He wants them to remind the Yidden in the future about how Hashem has always taken care of the Yidden, so they will realize how foolish it is to not behave properly.

Yidden, remember this, it’s important for you:
When people made Hashem angry, what did He do?
Those people were punished, I’m sure you know
Since they didn’t follow the path they should go.

(Of course, very soon, when Moshiach will be
He’ll reward us with so much GOOD — just wait and see!)

When the world was full of Resha’im, from far and wide
Hashem made a Mabul, and all of them died.
But when people worked together, all of them
To build a tall tower to fight with Hashem —

They were all Resha’im, they also deserved to die!
But Hashem didn’t do it — do you know why?
He let them live, because later WE came
All of the Yidden, from the family of Sheim.

Instead Hashem sent them to many destinations
Each with a new language, to be 70 nations!
(Like the 70 Yidden who later went down, you see
To Mitzrayim, until Hashem set us free.)

Just because Hashem loves us, he let them live
So later to us the Torah He’d give!

We come from Yaakov, from the Avos number three
Like a rope made of THREE strings, as strong as can be!

No other nations wanted the Torah, they were glad to forsake it
But even in a huge Midbar, we were happy to take it!

And there in the Midbar, we were safe indeed
Hashem took care of us and gave us all we need.
It was like a big eagle who flies through the sky
And keeps its family safe from everyone nearby.

It doesn’t scare its family, it warns them when it’s near
And carries them high on its back — they have nothing to fear.
Of course Hashem takes even BETTER care than them!
How lucky we are to be the nation of Hashem.

 
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TEHILLIM

119 (first half)

Today’s shiur Tehillim is the first half of kapitel Kuf-Yud-Tes. Since this kapitel is so long, we will finish it tomorrow! We also say the three kapitelach for Chodesh Elul: Ayin-Gimmel, Ayin-Daled, and Ayin-Hey.

The last posuk of today’s Tehillim, which starts with a Lamed, is “Lechol Tichla Ra’isi Keitz, Rechava Mitzvas’cha Me’od.” “I have seen an end to every goal, but Your mitzva is very wide.”

The Alter Rebbe explains that “Lechol Tichla” is like the words “Klos Hanefesh,” which means that the neshama wants to become close to Hashem. For all of these feelings, there is an end! There is only so much a person can love Hashem and come close to Hashem by just wanting.

But a mitzvah — “Rechava Mitzvas’cha Me’od” — a mitzvah has NO limits, it connects us to Hashem more than anything else! We will get to see how high we reach through our mitzvos only in the time of Techiyas Hameisim!

The Rebbe Rashab also explains this posuk even deeper according to Chassidus, in his famous hemshech Tof-Reish-Samach-Vov. (A hemshech is a group of maamorim that are connected to each other, and help us understand one inyan very very well. This sefer has 61 maamorim, and explains why Hashem made the world.)

 
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TANYA

Igeres Hakodesh Siman Yud-Zayin

In this letter, the Alter Rebbe is teaching us that even though there are great Ruchnius’dike rewards for the neshama in Gan Eden, the greatest reward will be at the time of Techiyas Hameisim. Tzedakah is a special mitzvah which gives us the koach to get that reward then!

We learned yesterday that we will get to see the higher kind of chayus from Hashem, called Sovev Kol Almin, as a reward for doing mitzvos, especially Tzedakah!

When will we get to see it? After Techiyas Hameisim!

There are some rewards a person gets in Gan Eden, but this reward will be only when Moshiach comes — when every Neshama will be in a body. Why only then?

Because “Sof Maaseh BeMachshava Techila” — the last thing was thought of first.

Did you ever build a Lego set? First you look at the box, and see an amazing picture of a really neat building, or car, or boat. Then you open the instruction book and start to build, one piece at a time. Your model starts looking more and more like the picture! Finally, you finish — you built it just like the box shows!

What did you think of FIRST? The finished building. And when did you get it? Last! That’s “Sof Maaseh BeMachshava Techila.” You thought of it first, so that’s what you got in the end.

The same thing is what happened when Hashem made the world — first He thought of something that He wanted, and then He made the world. What did Hashem want? A neshama inside of a guf in this world! That’s why people were made last!

That’s also why we’ll be able to see the special chayus of Sovev Kol Almin only at the time of Techiyas Hameisim. Even though neshamos will first have been in Gan Eden, this highest chayus of Hashem will not shine until the neshama comes back into a Guf, at the time of Techiyas Hameisim. Only then is the time of the Sof Maaseh, the way Hashem wanted things to be from the beginning!

 
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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Hey Elul

In today’s Hayom Yom, we learn that Hashem bentches the month of Tishrei. That gives us the koach to bentch each new month on Shabbos Mevorchim the rest of the year!

Minhagim and Reminders for Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei (which was Chof-Hey Elul the year Hayom Yom was first printed):

- Say the whole Tehillim in the morning of Shabbos Mevorchim. Farbreng.

- On Shabbos Selichos, we say Selichos after midnight, but all the rest of the days we say Selichos in the morning.

- When we lein Netzavim and Vayelech separately, Shvi’i and Maftir are the same!

The Alter Rebbe teaches us something that he heard from the Maggid, who heard it from the Baal Shem Tov! It is about Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei — where we DON’T bentch the Chodesh in Davening!

Why don’t we give a bracha to the month of Tishrei? Because HASHEM gives the bracha Himself!

What is this bracha? We can see this bracha in the parsha we lein on Shabbos Mevorchim Tishrei: Parshas Netzavim.

The parsha starts “Atem Netzavim Hayom” — “you are standing today.”

“Today” means Rosh Hashana, the Yom HaDin (day of judgment). “Netzavim” means standing strong — winning the case and getting a Shana Tova!

Tishrei is the seventh month. It is so full of brachos from Hashem! It gives the koach to fill up the rest of the year too with Hashem’s brachos. It is with the koach of Hashem’s bracha for this special month that we are able to bentch all of the other months ourselves!

 
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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #67 - Mitzvas Asei #59

Today’s mitzvah is the same as yesterday’s (Mitzvas Asei #59) to blow trumpets at certain times. We blow them when we bring the special korbanos of Yom Tov, a happy time. We also blow them in a sad time — when we are davening to Hashem because hard things are happening. They can remind us that it’s from Hashem, and we have to do teshuvah.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Behaalosecha: וּבְיוֹם שִׂמְחַתְכֶם וּבְמוֹעֲדֵיכֶם וּבְרָאשֵׁי חָדְשֵׁיכֶם וּתְקַעְתֶּם בַּחֲצֹצְרֹת

The details are explained in Sifri, Mesechta Rosh Hashana, and Mesechta Taanis.

 
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RAMBAM

Hilchos Taaniyos

Today’s Rambam, perakim Beis, Gimmel and Daled, talks about many not good things that can happen to Yidden.

When certain types of things happen, like if rain doesn’t fall, the Chachomim ask all of the Yidden to fast and to teshuvah, so Hashem will have rachmonus on us and stop them from happening.

Even though nowadays we don’t do most of the fasts the Rambam speaks about, we still have to do teshuvah if we see something not good happen. We should try to find something special that we can do help the bad thing go away and to bring the Geulah faster!

 
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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Hey

In today’s Rambam, we learn more halachos about davening. We learn 8 things a person should try to do (lechatchilah) when they daven Shmoneh Esrei, the main part of davening:

1) We should be standing up

2) We should face the Beis Hamikdash (for most of us, that’s Mizrach)

3) Our body should be clean for davening

4) Our clothes should be neat, and we should wear shoes

5) We should prepare a proper place, for example to always daven in the same place

6) We say Shmoneh Esrei quietly

7) We bow in certain places in Shmoneh Esrei

8) We bow after Shmoneh Esrei when we say Tachanun

 
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INYANA D'YOMA

Chof-Hey Elul

Today is Chof-Hey Elul — the day when Hashem made the world! Rosh Hashana is really the SIXTH day of Creation, when Hashem made Adam Harishon!

The Arizal says that special dates on the Jewish calendar are really b’ruchnius happening again every year! We can get the special kochos of the day by learning about it in Torah. There is a minhag of Chassidim (that the Rebbe told us about) to learn the part of Parshas Bereishis that talks about what Hashem created on that day!

On the first day of creating the world, Hashem said “Yehi Ohr” — there should be light. We also need to make sure that we fill the world with light — the light of Torah!

 

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TEFILLAH

Malchiyos, Zichronos, Shofros

Musaf is an extra Shemoneh Esrei we add on Shabbos and special days. Musaf is instead of bringing the Korban Musaf, the korbanos in honor of the day.

Musaf is set up with three brachos at the beginning to praise Hashem, one bracha in the middle about the korbanos that were brought in the Beis Hamikdash on this Yom Tov, and three brachos at the end thanking Hashem.

In the Musaf of Rosh Hashana, we have THREE brachos in the middle!

1) Malchiyos — We say pesukim that speak about the Malchus of Hashem. Saying these words helps us to accept Hashem as King, Kabolas Ol Malchus Shomayim! (In this bracha, we also mention the extra korbanos of Rosh Hashana that were brought in the Beis Hamikdash.)

2) Zichronos — We say pesukim asking Hashem to remember us (zikaron) for good on this special day.

3) Shofros — All of these things happen through the mitzvah of Shofar on Rosh Hashana! We say pesukim that mention the shofar and what it accomplishes.

In each of these sections, we say ten pesukim. The first three pesukim come from Torah, the next three from Navi, and then three more from Kesuvim. Then we say one last posuk from Torah.

Chassidus explains why we bring these pesukim from the Torah: Showing how the Torah says that Hashem has to be our Melech (Malchiyos), that Hashem needs to remember us (Zichronos), and that this happens through the shofar (Shofros), gives the koach that it will actually happen! (See Likutei Sichos chelek Beis p. 399)

 
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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

"Maos Chitim"

There is a minhag that before Pesach, money is given out in each city to help people buy matzah and wine and food for Pesach. That’s because on Pesach we can’t work, but the things we need are very expensive! This is called Maos Chitim (“flour money”).

The truth is that other Yomim Tovim are also days off of work where we need to pay for extra things. Even Rosh Hashana has extra things we need to buy, and it’s extra days off of work.

That’s why the Rebbe asked that we also keep this minhag for the other Yomim Tovim, including Rosh Hashana. You can give to the fund where you live, and it is also good to give to the Yidden in Eretz Yisroel (many times in Tanya, the Alter Rebbe tells how special it is to give tzedakah to Eretz Yisroel). Here’s are some places you can choose — you can give by just clicking here: www.colelchabad.org or www.charityforisrael.com

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

 
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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Veheishiv Leiv Avos Al Banim

When Moshiach comes, all of the Yidden will do teshuvah!

The Navi Malachi tells us that Hashem will first send Eliyahu Hanavi to help the Yidden be ready. But it will first be the children that will understand, and they will help their parents to come closer to Hashem!

וְהֵשִׁיב לֵב אָבוֹת עַל בָּנִים וְלֵב בָּנִים עַל אֲבוֹתָם פֶּן אָבוֹא וְהִכֵּיתִי אֶת הָאָרֶץ חֵרֶם

Veheishiv Leiv Avos Al Banim — The children will help their parents to do teshuvah and come closer to Hashem

Veleiv Banim Al Avosam — And then the parents will help their children too!

Pen Avo — This way, it won’t happen that when Moshiach comes, the Yidden will not have done teshuvah

Vehikeisi Es Ha’aretz Cheirem — And Hashem will need to punish the world.

(Even though this is a good nevuah, in the sefarim of Nach, the sefer ends by again writing the posuk before this one, about Eliyahu Hanavi, in order to finish off with happy words!)

When the Rebbe made the campaign for Tzivos Hashem, and also for children to learn Sefer Hamitzvos, he connected it with this posuk! This posuk tells us that children will be the ones to help their parents to live the way Hashem wants, including learning Rambam. The parents will learn from the example of their children, and will want to become better!

See Malachi perek Gimmel perek Chof-Daled

 
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