Immunization programs in the Region of the Americas have contributed to meeting the Millennium Development Goals and are a key element in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. However, coverage with the third dose of the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine (DTP-3) declined in the Region from 94% in 2011 to 91% in 2015, where it has remained to the present date. Moreover, in half of the Region’s municipalities, coverage does not exceed 95%. In this context, PAHO hosted a regional workshop on 6-8 December 2017 in Lima, Peru, to determine possible causes of declining and stagnating coverage, and to identify the interventions in the Region that have been most successful in maintaining vaccination coverage at optimal levels.
Immunization programs in the Region of the Americas have contributed to meeting the Millennium Development Goals and are a key element in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. PAHO hosted a regional workshop in Buenos Aires to share lessons learned and best practices for vaccination efforts in various Latin American cities.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, approximately one of every five deaths during the first 28 days of life is due to birth defects. From 1990 to 2017, neonatal mortality in Latin America and the Caribbean decreased from 23 to 10 neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births, a 58% reduction. However, inequalities in neonatal mortality must be addressed: in 2008, estimated neonatal mortality in the region’s countries ranged from 3.8 to 24.6 per 1,000 live births. Birth defects contribute substantially to the burden of morbidity and mortality in the Region of the Americas.