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Building Healthy Cities Resource Bin

Week of May 4, 2021

This email provides a weekly summary of collected resources that are relevant to BHC's activities. BHC is currently engaged in four cities: Da Nang, Vietnam; Indore, India; Kathmandu, Nepal; and Makassar, Indonesia.

The full content can be found at the individual links below or upon request. If there are resources you would like to share with the BHC team, please send them to Lauren Azmon at lauren_azmon@jsi.com.

New Resource Bin Content

Title: Giving Social Innovations in Smart Cities a Public-Private Boost
Source: Centre for Liveable Cities
Author: Tan Yi Xuan
Publication Date: April 2021 
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
A panel at the recent “Technology for Change Week Asia” discusses how public-private partnerships can be used to scale up social innovations that were started as a response to societal and economic challenges as well as the recent COVID-19 pandemic. At the event organised by The Economist, speakers including Dr Limin Hee (Research Director at the CLC), Mr Haruyuki Seki (Founder of Code for Japan), Mr Stephen Ong (Senior Policy Advisor at the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovations of Malaysia), and moderator Mr Teymoor Nabili (Founder of Tech for Impact Asia) discussed examples of how governments, citizens and industry around the world are collaborating to boost social innovation in smart cities. These various approaches share the belief that building smart cities and social innovations are reciprocal processes which rely on one another to thrive. Moreover, social innovations are not just about meeting the needs of people, but have to be carried out in a manner that involves them too. 

Title: SARS-CoV-2 elimination, not mitigation, creates best outcomes for health, the economy, and civil liberties
Source: The Lancet
Publication Date: 28 April, 2021
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
This commentary compares the COVID-19 response measures of various Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries during the first 12 months of the pandemic. The authors conclude that deaths from COVID-19  have been 25 times lower in countries opting for elimination. Moreover, in countries with an elimination strategy, decreases in weekly GDP growth have consistently been smaller than in countries opting for mitigation. In fact, elimination-oriented countries have recently seen their GDP growth return to pre-pandemic levels.

Title: Global shortage of innovative antibiotics fuels emergence and spread of drug-resistance
Source: WHO
Author: WHO
Publication Date: 15 April 2021
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
The world is still failing to develop desperately needed antibacterial treatments, despite growing awareness of the urgent threat of antibiotic resistance, according to report by the World Health Organization. WHO reveals that none of the 43 antibiotics that are currently in clinical development sufficiently address the problem of drug resistance in the world’s most dangerous bacteria.

Title: NGOs call on ADB to end fossil fuel loans amid climate reboot
Source: Reuters
Author: Aaron Sheldrick
Publication Date: 2 May 2021
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
A group of non-governmental organizations called on the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Monday to end loans to the fossil-fuels sector, as the international lender holds its annual meeting this week with a focus on a green economic recovery.

Title: In Indonesia, lab workers are arrested and accused of reusing nasal swabs in thousands of coronavirus tests.
Source: NYTimes
Author: Richard C. Paddock and Dera Menra Sijabat
Publication Date: 1 May 2021
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
The fraud unraveled this week when five laboratory workers were arrested in the Indonesian city of Medan and accused of reusing nasal swabs in administering as many as 20,000 tests. They face up to six years in prison for violating consumer protection, medical waste and contagious disease laws.

The authorities said they were investigating whether any people were infected with the coronavirus as a result of the contaminated tests given at an airport testing site operated by Kimia Farma, a giant state-owned company.
 
BHC is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the United States Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-17-00028, beginning September 30, 2017. BHC is implemented by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. (JSI) with partners International Organization for Migration, Thrive Networks Global, and Urban Institute, and with support from Engaging Inquiry, LLC.
 
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