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Building Healthy Cities Resource Bin

Special Edition: The Digital Economy

Week of February 16, 2021

This email provides a weekly summary of collected resources that are relevant to BHC's activities. The full content can be found at the individual links below or upon request. If there are resources you would like to share with the BHC team, please send them to Lauren Azmon at lauren_azmon@jsi.com

New Resource Bin Content

This Saturday is World Social Justice Day, and the theme is "A Call for Social Justice in the Digital Economy". The digital economy has been transforming our lives for years, but was catapulted to the forefront with the onset of COVID-19. The pandemic has reinforced the growth and impact of the digital economy, but has also laid bare and exacerbated the growing digital divide within, between and across developed and developing countries. This resource bin includes information about the digital economies in Asian countries, challenges that are present and ways to improve the use of digital innovations. 

Title: Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and minimum wages in the time of COVID-19
Source: International Labor Organization
Authors: International Labor Office 
Publication Date: 02 December 2020
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
The world has been profoundly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. More than a million lives have been lost, social and economic activity has been disrupted, and the livelihoods and well-being of millions of people worldwide are threatened. The ILO has estimated that the equivalent of 345 million full-time
jobs were lost in the third quarter of 2020. This year’s ILO Global Wage Report – the seventh in the series – presents the emerging empirical evidence of the effects of the crisis on wages. 

Title: Ethical challenges of digital health technologies: Aadhaar, India
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Authors: Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Parasuraman Ganeshkumar, Sambit Dash, and Aarthy Ramasamy
Publication Date: 01 April 2020
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
The proliferation of information and communication technologies in India has enabled the emergence of health-related digital applications, from which important ethical issues arise. The Aadhaar identification system provides each resident in India with a 12-digit unique identification number, linked to demographic and biometric data. Identification by Aadhaar in welfare programmes has the important advantage of ensuring targeted benefits reach the intended recipients. Use of the Aadhaar identification number in health programmes in India has been met with mixed success due to patients’ fears of loss of privacy.

Title: Digitalization and urban development in the Global South: towards reliable population data in deprived urban areas
Source: Österreichische Entwicklungspolitik 2020: Digitalization for Development? Challenges for Developing Countries
Authors: Monika Kuffer
Publication Date: December 2020
Summary and content relevant to BHC:
In general, digital innovations have increased the amount and availability of data for urban areas in Africa and Asia. However, most urban datasets show major gaps and/or have high uncertainties for deprived areas. This articles focuses on two case studies in Mumbai, India and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These cases show the reliability of urban population estimates for deprived areas is very low, showing a clear digital divide between socio-economic groups. High uncertainties about data that flow into SDG statistics can be concluded for deprived (slum) area. Current artificial intelligence based methods combined with EO and local data have great potentials to provide more reliable estimates of the number of inhabitants living in such areas.
BHC is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the United States Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-17-00028, beginning September 30, 2017. BHC is implemented by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. (JSI) with partners International Organization for Migration, Thrive Networks Global, and Urban Institute, and with support from Engaging Inquiry, LLC.
 
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