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People not Poaching News
Issue 4, 2020

peoplenotpoaching.org
Welcome to our fourth edition of the People not Poaching (PnP) newsletter, bringing you all the latest news and research related to communities, poaching and IWT.
 
Got some news you’d like to share? Know a community-based approach to IWT that you think deserves to be showcased? Get in touch!
 
Happy holidays!


Liv  (peoplenotpoaching@gmail.com)
Online learning series:  Communities combating IWT in East Africa
Between September – December, IIED partnered with IUCN ESARO and IUCN SULi to conduct familiarisation and awareness raising on the application of the ‘Local Communities: First Line of Defence against Illegal Wildlife Trade’ (FLoD) methodology.
 
The series was designed to support wildlife conservation and management authorities in the East African Community partner states, as well as relevant NGOs and community-based organisations in the region.
 
Over 120 participants joined for the seven online sessions, where they were given an overview of community engagement in tackling IWT, including a focus on People not Poaching case studies from East Africa. The remaining sessions took participants through all seven steps of the FLoD methodology.
 
At the end of the series IIED spoke with three participants to get their perspectives on why it’s so important to engage communities in tackling IWT and to understand how the FLoD initiative will help their anti-poaching efforts in the future.
 

 
“FLoD will encourage practitioners to prioritise communities as key partners in tackling IWT and will guide formal approaches to understanding community needs to influence the development of anti-IWT interventions.” - George Owoyesigire, Uganda Wildlife Authority
 
 
Click here to find out more about the series or to watch any of the session recordings.
Members of the Olderkesi Conservancy in Kenya scoring strategies for engaging communities in tackling IWT for effectiveness Photo: copyright Micah Conway
Spotlight on community-based approaches to IWT
Indigenous engagement in forest protection, Cambodia
 
French NGO Poh Kao are working to protect the forests of the Veun Sai-Siem Pang National Park by strengthening the capacity of Indigenous Peoples through recognition of their tenure rights over the forests. By creating Community Protected Areas and recognising Community Wardens as key actors in conservation, they have seen poaching rates drop and reduced pressure on some endangered species.   
 
Find out more about their success here.
Photo: A rescued sun bear cub. Credit: Poh Kao & NFTP
Strengthening conservation management in South Sudan
 
Fauna & Flora International is providing support to South Sudan’s Wildlife Service with equipment, resources and training, and also to local communities to become Community Wildlife Ambassadors as well as facilitating livelihood projects. Results so far include increased patrol frequency and effectiveness, reduced poaching and the discovery of three new species!
 
Interested? Click here to keep reading.
Photo: On patrol. Credit: Benoit Morkel
Working for people and nature in Guyana
 
The Sustainable Wildlife Management Guyana programme uses a community rights-based approach to ensure that the Rupununi region can continue to offer sustainable options for food security and livelihoods in accordance with traditional lifestyles, while maintaining healthy fish and terrestrial wildlife populations at the landscape level.
 
Find out more about their approach here.
Photo: The SWM Guyana Project is supporting fisheries management and regulation of aquatic resources on indigenous lands. Credit: FAO / David Mansell-Moullin
Stay up to date on Twitter and Facebook
To stay up to date with our spotlights and midweek material follow our Twitter @CommunitiesIWT and Facebook @peoplenotpoaching. Every week we post new updates, plus on Monday and Thursday we post community-based solutions to IWT and on Wednesday our latest midweek material.
Sign up to this newsletter!
People and Conservation Learning Group launches small grants initiative
The People and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG), with support from the Arcus Foundation, are piloting a new small grants initiative.
 
Applications are now open for grants that address important great apes related conservation and development issues in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo or Uganda.
 
PCLG small grants aim to foster multistakeholder collaboration and learning between conservation, development and human rights / Indigenous Peoples rights organisations. For the first round of small grants, they are particularly keen to support activities that respond to COVID-19 and the challenges this disease is creating in great ape range states for conservation and development. 
 
Applications are open until 1pm (GMT) on Monday 1st February 2021.
Highlights from our Midweek Material
Cox D, et al (2020) Commentary: Challenges of evaluating the effectiveness of public awareness campaigns in Congo Republic. American Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.23205
 
This paper presents the challenges faced and lessons learned in shifting from experience to evidence‐based program evaluation related to the effectiveness of billboards in informing and inspiring local populations to support positive conservation behaviour with regard to great apes.
 
Jones I, et al (2020) Improving rural health care reduces illegal logging and conserves carbon in a tropical forest. PNAS. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2009240117 (Open access)
 
This study evaluates the 10-y impact of a human-centred solution to achieve natural climate mitigation through reductions in illegal logging in rural Borneo: an intervention aimed at expanding health care access and use for communities living near a national park, with clinic discounts offsetting costs historically met through illegal logging.
 
Mbanze A, Vieira da Silva C, Ribeiro N and J Lima Santos (2020) Participation in illegal harvesting of natural resources and the perceived costs and benefits of living within a protected area. Ecological Economics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2020.106825 (Open access)
 
The authors test a novel approach for indirectly detecting participation of the local population in illegal harvesting of Niassa National Reserve natural resources and its spatial distribution.
 
Ngorima A, Brown A, Masunungure C and D Biggs (2020) Local community benefits from elephants: Can willingness to support antipoaching efforts be strengthened? Conservation Science and Practice. DOI: 10.1111/csp2.303 (Open access)
 
The authors examine how the spread of costs and benefits associated with elephants, and associated ownership rights, influenced community attitudes to support anti‐poaching activities, based on surveys of 90 community members in the Zimbabwean part of the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area.
 
Veríssimo D, 't Sas‐Rolfes M and J Glikman (2020) Influencing consumer demand is vital for tackling the illegal wildlife trade. People and Nature. DOI: 10.1002/pan3.10171 (Open access)
 
The authors discuss the need for more funding and research into demand reduction activities to tackle illegal wildlife trade, and which issues should be prioritised to fill current research gaps.
Caribbean sharks education programme celebrates huge declines in whale shark deaths
Some great news from Venezuela, where the organisation Centro para la Investigación de Tiburones (CIT), has reported zero whale shark killings in the period 2018-2020. The organisation first visited coastal communities with high incidents of shark killings in 2016 where their first activity was to build trust and develop strong relationships with community leaders. Workshops with schools and fishermen followed and CIT also established a social media network where local people can share sightings of whale sharks.
 
Other activities include promoting marine products and sustainable ecotourism, income generation from the sale of red lionfish, health support and compensation for damaged nets. To find out more, see our case study on the programme.
Centro para la Investigación de Tiburones (CIT). Credit: CIT
Call for community-based solutions to IWT

If you have, or know of, a case study you think would be relevant to our site please get in touch with us.
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This newsletter is an information service published by People not Poaching, part of IIED led project 'Learning and action for community engagement against wildlife crime' (LeAP).

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For more information on the LeAP project, 
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LeAP is funded by the UK government's Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund.

 
Copyright © 2020 People Not Poaching: The Communities and IWT Learning Platform, All rights reserved.


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