People not Poaching News
Issue 1, 2020
We’ve launched People not Poaching (PnP) news to share the latest case studies, research and events featuring community-based approaches to tackling IWT. We hope you find it useful!

We’re also pleased to announce that the People not Poaching website has had a design update. Notably, we’ve improved the look and usability of the case study map – check it out!

If you have any relevant news or case studies that you’d like us to showcase then please get in touch.
Anna, Liv and Francesca (
WEBINAR: Community based approaches to illegal wildlife trade – why tackling human wildlife conflict is important  
PnP is hosting our first webinar on the 30th of March at 2pm, and we’d love for you to join us. PnP will host 3 speakers who will discuss why decreasing the costs of living with wildlife is important for tackling poaching and illegal wildlife trade. We’ll hear from:
  • Holly Dublin (IIED Senior Associate) who will provide an introduction to the First Line of Defence initiative which uses a theory of change approach to explore the design logic of programmes intended to engage communities in tackling the illegal wildlife trade. Holly’s presentation will focus on the change pathway: decreasing the costs of living with wildlife. 
  • Olivia Wilson-Holt (PnP Database Editor) will provide a guided tour of the PnP online platform, showcasing the diversity of case studies that it hosts.
  • Amy Dickman (Director at the Ruaha Carnivore Project) will talk about her work in Tanzania that empowers the communities surrounding Ruaha National Park to promote coexistence and reduce IWT. 
Register on EventBrite, there’ll be plenty of opportunities to join the discussion and ask our speakers questions.

FYI, this is our first in a series of webinars. The next will showcase community-based approaches tackling IWT from across the world. If you know an initiative that deserves attention, get in touch with the PnP team.
Spotlight on community-based approaches to IWT
Protecting and celebrating turtles in Nicaragua
Local people are collaborating with Fauna and Flora International (FFI) to patrol beaches, establish turtle hatcheries and celebrate turtles through festivals, education and awareness campaigns. Already the project has had great successes: over 50% of the known population of hawksbill turtles in the eastern Pacific Ocean are now protected. A key factor supporting success is the long-term relationship between local people and FFI which is integral to establishing trust and allowing ideas for collaboration to grow organically.
Have a quick read and get inspired!

Reducing human wildlife conflict in Ethiopia
In 2017 the Gambella Children and Community Development Organisation set up a project of community consultations, community awareness raising and community scouts at Gambella National Park. Ongoing challenges include from human-wildlife conflict and the movement of people from neighbouring counties. A key factor for success of the project has been the commitment from local high-level leaders, including religious leaders. 

Interested? Click here to keep reading.

Protecting the Orangutan in Indonesia
A local NGO, Alam Sehat Lestari, is working to reduce illegal logging around the Gunung Palung National Park. The project has established a health clinic, a family garden, an entreprenuership programme that uses a chainsaw buy back scheme and a group of forest friends involved in forest monitoring. Since its inception 21 hectares of forest have been rehabilitated and 1,200 loggers have changed their livelihoods.
Explore the case study to find out more.
Highlights from our Midweek Material
1. Cooney R and D Challender (2020) Engaging local communities in responses to illegal trade in pangolins: Who, why and how? In Challender D, Helen C and C Nash (eds) Pangolins: Science, Society and Conservation, Academic Press. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-815507-3.00023-X
The authors introduce a theory of change on how community-level actions can alter incentives for poaching and present lessons learned for successful partnerships with local communities.
2. Huang L and S Chen (2020) What makes tree poachers give up? A case study of forestry law enforcement in Taiwan. Environmental Conservation.
DOI: 10.1017/S0376892919000377
This article presents the argument for a restorative justice approach to the problem of tree poaching with evidence from interviews with 65 inmates imprisoned for Forestry Act offenses in Taiwan.
3. Massé F, et al (2020) Conservation and crime convergence? Situating the 2018 London Illegal Wildlife Trade Conference. Journal of Political Ecology.
DOI: 10.2458/v27i1.23543

This article presents an event ethnography of the 2018 London IWT Conference, exploring how the topics of crime and law-enforcement are being integrated into conservation policy-making.
4. Paudel K, Potter P and J Phelps (2019) Conservation enforcement: Insights From people incarcerated for wildlife crimes in Nepal. Conservation Science and Practice.
DOI: 10.1111/csp2.137
This study investigates motivations behind poaching and the social impacts of enforcement-based conservation, using data collected during interviews with people incarcerated for wildlife crime in Nepal.
Stay up to date on Twitter and Facebook
To stay up to date with our spotlights and midweek material follow our Twitter @CommunitiesIWT and Facebook @peoplenotpoaching. Every week we post new updates, plus on Monday and Thursday we post community-based solutions to IWT and on Wednesday our latest midweek material.
Upcoming events

National dialogue, Zambia
18-19 March 2020 


On 18th and 19th March the Zambia CBNRM Forum is convening a national dialogue on communities and IWT. The dialogue will explore the extent to which Zambia conservation policy reflects the role of communities in tackling IWT and identify options for enhancing community engagement at both policy and project level.
POSTPONED: International Conference on Human-Wildlife Conflict and Coexistence
28-30 September 2020 

Please note that this conference has been postponed to September due to the coronavirus outbreak. Please see the conference website for more details. 
Previous events
Community Voices: Illegal wildlife trade in Latin America and the Caribbean, 30 Sep - 2 Oct 2019

Over three days, community representatives, researchers and policy makers discussed opportunities for sustainable use and legal trade in anti-poaching efforts. Many of the case studies presented were compiled into a report on community-led approaches to tackling IWT.
Dialogue on the role of community-based approaches to tackling IWT, 13 December 2019

The Tanzania Natural Resources Forum hosted a dialogue at the national CBNRM forum on the role of community-based approaches to tackling poaching and illegal wildlife trade in Tanzania. Watch the 6 minute video to get highlights of the discussion.
For more information - including reports, photos and outcomes - on any of these events, head over to our events page.
Call for community-based solutions to IWT
Know a community-based initiative tackling IWT that deserves attention? Get in touch with Liv on, OR head to our contribute page.
This newsletter is an information service published by People not Poaching, part of IIED led project 'Learning and action for community engagement against wildlife crime' (LeAP).

To subscribe to this newsletter, please
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For more information on the LeAP project, 
visit our website.
LeAP is funded by the UK government's Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund.

Copyright © 2020 People Not Poaching: The Communities and IWT Learning Platform, All rights reserved.

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