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Team Leadership Excellence Newsletter

Vol.54 August 2016 


Greetings! I hope this newsletter finds you living purposefully and achieving success in your personal and work lives. 

I have been using the concept of ‘ways of knowing’ in my doctoral inquiry work and felt it would be value adding to you for me to share this notion with you through this newsletter. 

How do we know what we know?


Have you ever thought about how you know what you know? When this question was first asked from me, the answers that came to my mind was; from books, from parents, from teachers, from the learned. But when confronted with the next question, so do you believe that all that I know was true, I felt yes, it must be true, if not these will not be thought to me by those who I respect as learned, honest and well meaning. But when I thought deeper, I felt that what’s true to them, does not have to be true to me, because they come from different backgrounds, eras, conditions, cultures, religion, and would be driven by different purposes etc. Therefore for us to claim that we know what we know requires a kind of a self-validation. John Heron provides a theoretical framework that helps make sense of the way we know. He names it extended epistemology, which has four interwoven ways of knowing (Heron 1992, 1999) :

Experiential knowing — imaging and feeling the presence of some energy, entity, person, place, process or thing — is the ground of presentational knowing. Presentational knowing — an intuitive grasp of the significance of patterns as expressed in graphic, plastic, moving, musical and verbal art-forms — is the ground of propositional knowing. And propositional knowing — expressed in statements that something is the case — is the ground of practical knowing — knowing how to exercise a skill (Heron 1999: 122). (Emphasis mine)

Let me use an example to illustrate these four steps. When I first attended the ‘Mastery of Self’ playshop, I had experiential knowing when I experienced the potential of having a purpose when I heard various stories that were narrated by the trainer, and wrote the first draft of a purpose statement. Then when I crafted the purpose statement using inspirational language and made a collage of my purpose, I used presentational knowing.   Thereafter I read notes provided at the workshop, the workbook, notes I took down and various recommended reading to understand more about purpose and this was my propositional knowing. Then I practiced living purposefully by reading the purpose every morning, planning some activities to further my purpose, making mental depictions of successful implementation of such planned activities, implementing such activities and doing a mental review of such activities end of the day and this was my practical knowing. My attempts to practically know led to experiential knowing when I experienced improvement in my mind, body, relations, emotions, finance and the use of time.  Then there was presentational knowing when I worked on improving my purpose statement and this process continues, improving what I know about the notion of purpose. This process has continued to a point where I started teaching others to find a purpose and live purposefully, and now I an inquiring into the notion of purpose in my doctoral inquiry. 

I hope this process will help you to question what you know and use the various form of knowing to know what you know so that you can validate it as relevant and true for you. Let me also remind you that this blog post is propositional knowing for you and you need to reflect on it, challenge it, test it and adapt it, so that you make it true for yourself. Perhaps you might develop your own theory of knowing while improving the quality of your life. 

Reviewing your progress this year

It would be really value adding to take stock of your month of August 2016 or the first half of this year, using the process suggested in one of my earlier blogs to ensure you are on track for the year. Click here to access the review process - the month end booster.


Blog posts


One blog posts were published during this month taking the total to 97.

To read more blog posts visit 




Photos of various events conducted by Ranjan and Sensei can be viewed here. 


15 articles have been published since the launch of this website . They are in the areas of leadership, teams, personal excellence, marketing and world affairs with relevance. Please click below to read them;!articles/cp7n 


Upcoming Events


Website Pages

The following pages have more information of interest and value:

My Journey in August 2016

  • I spent most of the time in Sri Lanka during the month, conducting  ‘Leadership development’ assignments and writing an important assignment for my doctoral inquiry..
What’s in store for September 2016
  • I will be starting the first half of the month in Sri Lanka - we will be conducting day 3 & 4 of ‘Mastery of Self’ during this time.
  • Then I make a short visit to Singapore.
  • Most of the second half of the month will be in Bangladesh conducting the first two days of ‘Mastery of Self’ and ‘Leadership development’ assignments in a few companies.

The website  had 1,575 views for the month of August. The highest number of visits have been from Sri Lanka, with United Kingdom second, and Bangladesh third.  

This month the blog has had 158 views from over 105 countries. 

Copyright © 2016 Ranjan De Silva, All rights reserved.

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