Julie Comerford, CU Assistant Professor in Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences - Song of the Universe: Surprising Supermassive Black Holes

Julie Comerford, takes us on a tour of the gravitational waves--waves in space akin to sound waves--that are produced by colliding black holes, exploding stars, and the Big Bang. The first gravitational waves were detected in 2015, and they have opened a new window on our understanding of the Universe and led to massive surprises.

Bread & Butter  |  Salad Bar  |  Vegetable Soup  |  Pot Roast with Carrots and Gravy  |  Roasted Potatoes  |  Dessert




June 28 - Mel Tucker, New CU Head Football Coach- Buffs Football Outlook
July 5 - Dark for Independence Day
July 12 - Installation of Officers

We're Relaunching the Beer Trail, and We'd Love to Have You at Boulder Beer.


As we relaunch the Boulder Beer Trail over the next several months, we'll be meeting for our monthly happy hours at some of our great partner breweries. We hope to see you on Wednesday at Boulder Beer.!

Are You Ready to Read?

BRC's Book Club is to read and discuss books that explore subjects that relate to Rotary's areas of focus and Rotary's values.

The next meeting of the Boulder Rotary Book Club is scheduled for Monday, July 8 from 5 to 6:30 p.m. Lenna Kottke has graciously offered to host and has selected It's Better Than It Looks, by Gregg Easterbrook, as the book.

Lenna's address is: 1067 Ravenwood Road, Boulder

As always we will have some happy hour snacks and liquid refreshments. Questions? Contact co-chairs Sue Deans,, or Darla Schueth,

Read more about It's Better Than It Looks by clicking HERE.


Volunteer for Crayons to Calculators

Please join us for this year's Crayons to Calculators campaign. There are 4 times in July to volunteer for:

Tuesday July 9 from 10 to 12
Thursday July 11 from 1 to 3
Monday July 15 from 1 to 3
Wednesday July 17 from 10 to 12

Contact George Browning, Don James, or Larry Johnson at a Rotary meeting or send a note to Larry at Help us to pass the 11,000 total backpacks stuffed last year! Location information will be available prior to volunteer days.




June 20 - Paul Jerde
June 21 - Maryan Jaross and Dave Hoover
June 23 - Cindy Angell

Happy Birthday wishes go out to Past President Sam Pottinger and Sarah Amarani as this week's donors to the Birthday Scholarship Fund.  Thank you both for your generous support of Boulder Valley students. Your birthday is a great time to share the joy by supporting the BRC Scholarship Program by making a gift of $1 for every one of your years, or more, during the month of your birthday. Put Birthday Scholarships on the memo line of your check and mail to Boulder Rotary Club Foundation, 2995 Baseline Road, Suite 310, Boulder, CO 80303-2318.

Membership Proposal

TC North

Mike Brady is proposing his long time friend, TC North, for membership. This is the second week of publication.

TC North, Ph.D. is co-author of the best selling book on Amazon, “Fearless Leaders”. He is a high-performance EOS® Implementer, executive coach for entrepreneurs and sought-after international speaker who accelerates the success of individuals and organizations. Dr. North has also mentally coached a professional sports team and Olympic teams in the art of creating thoughts and emotions that maximize success.
He is a recognized thought leader on increasing courage, confidence and mastering fear, which enhance your personal presence and your ability to be mindful. As a published scientist one of his studies has been designated a landmark study, because it created a new paradigm of our understanding of human emotion.
Dr. North’s work has been featured in business and scientific journals, as well as on TV and radio.

Any comments may be sent to the Boulder Rotary Club administrator at:


Member Transition: Red to Blue Badge


Lynn Johnson

Rod Tuenge re-introduced his friend Lynn Johnson for his transition from Red Badge to Blue.

Lynn has been in Colorado since 1984 when he moved here to accept a position as a Water Resources Engineer teaching undergraduates and graduate students in the Civil Engineering Department of C.U. Denver. He taught subjects around water, waste water systems design, river basin operations and hydrology. in 2012, Lynn partially retired an is currently researching floods and droughts with a half-time appointment at NOAA Earth Systems Research Lab.

Lynn met his wife Karon at the University of Buffalo more than 50 years ago have been having adventures ever since. Lynn and Karon have two sons and four grandchildren all of whom live in the Denver Area.

Lynn played baseball and softball into his 50s, is an avid fan of the Rockies and still thinks golf is a great walk.
Lynn is a longtime  volunteer with Rod at Coal Creek Meals on Wheels and has volunteered for Habitat for Humanity, Sister Carmen Food Bank and Care Connect Ice Busters - they shovel snow for elderly people.

Lynn has a steady presence on the World Community Service Committee. As a hydrologist, he's been invaluable in shaping a water project for the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. He's also been having fun working with Fred Hull and Bob Taylor on the AV team for Meeting Management. We're so glad you chose Boulder Rotary Lynn, thanks for all you do!


President Mike Brady wanted to take time to recognize Larry Johnson during the meeting Friday. Mike said Larry is a great guy, he's always present for his friends, for Boulder Rotary and his community, he's committed to service and is a great model for us all.

Larry's been a Boulder Rotary Member since 2006. He's been an advocate for Crayons to Calculators, he's been on Meeting Management, worked with Habitat for Humanity, delivered meals for Meals-on-Wheels, been the volunteer of the year for IBM, and as Mike said, he is a "model Rotarian."

Because Mike did not have a Model Rotarian Award, per se, he gave Larry a very special Ken Doll with a Rotary pin on his shirt! Not only is Larry a great Rotarian, he's also a great sport.

In Rotary District 5450, individual clubs sponsor awards for exceptional service. Of the ten club awards for service in the last year, Boulder Rotary was the recipient of five. (And one District Award.)  You can see the whole list of District and Club Awards by clicking HERE.

At Friday's meeting, Boulder Valley Rotary's Past President Bill Farrow, President Elect, Diana Fields and the current President, Dave Gardner, joined us to present the Rotarians for Mental Health Award to Boulder Rotary Club's Behavioral Wellness Committee. Representing the Behavioral Wellness Committee, Diana Sherry, Committee Chair and Gary Kahn accepted for BRC.

Boulder Rotary won this award because of the Mental Health Lecture Series. The committee presented nine public lectures at the JCC and was partnered by Boulder Community Health, Mental Health Partners and Boulder Valley Rotary. The lectures were attended by 1,500 people.

Dave Gardner presented Diana and Gary with an award and a check for $750.00 for the next mental health project.

Many thanks to Bill Farrow, Diana Fields and Dave Gardner for their time and consideration and congratulations to the Behavioral Wellness Committee for their exceptional service.

Littleton Rotary Club awarded the Ed Bemis Award for Best Club Communications to Boulder Rotary on Friday as well. Belinda Bianchi, Littleton Rotary Club's President, joined Boulder Rotary to present the award. 

The award is named after Ed Bemis, a President of Littleton Rotary Club, a District Governor and  who was the editor and publisher of the Littleton Independent Newspaper. The Littleton Rotary Club awards the Best Club Communications award for excellence in three areas of club communication; one third is based on the club newsletter, one third is for social media and the final third is for the club website. Belinda complimented the amazing work BRC has done on the newsletter, website and social media outreach. Fred Hull, Bill Meyer, Cassidy Murphy and Chad Stamm accepted the award on behalf of Boulder Rotary Club. (Lindsey Sachs, the Social Media Chair, could not be present on Friday.)

Many thanks to Littleton Rotary Club and Belinda Bianchi for taking time to come to Boulder Rotary to present this award. And congratulations to Littleton Rotary Club, they are also coming up on their 100th Anniversary in 2022!


Sarah Burgamy, PhoenixRISE - Alphabet Soup: Understanding Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity

Have you seen the acronym “LGBT”? What about “GLBT,” or “LGBTIQ”? It can be even more complicated, have you seen “LGBTIQQA”? When you start to break down what those acronyms stand for, the meanings of each of the words can be equally mystifying. Sexual orientation and gender diversity are spoken about more publicly than in the past and the terms used describing people’s unique biology and experience have multiplied.
Dr. Sarah Burgamy, a psychologist, came to speak to BRC on Friday about sexual orientation, gender diversity and how the conversation has evolved over the last few decades.
A Denver native, Dr. Burgamy, is a graduate of Dartmouth College, and the Graduate School of Professional Psychology at the University of Denver, she’s a licensed clinical psychologist and founded her practice, PhoenixRISE. In addition to her clinical services and serving on the Board of Directors for the Colorado Psychological Association, Dr. Burgamy also speaks to groups and organizations about many topics including what terms like sexual orientation, sexual identity and gender diversity mean.
Dr. Burgamy started by showing Time Magazine’s Ellen DeGeneres 1997 magazine cover. In 2019, a magazine cover declaring that a television star is “gay” is not that remarkable. However, in 1997, this magazine cover had significant consequences for Ellen.  The advertisers pulled their commercials from Ellen’s show and the show was cancelled within a year. Now and since 2003, Ellen has her own talk show which is supported by advertisers. Dr. Burgamy uses Ellen’s experience to illustrate how society has evolved it’s reaction to an actor-celebrity being open about being a lesbian.
In contrast to Ellen’s 1997 declaration, it wasn’t until 2013 that Jason Collins became the first openly gay athlete playing in a national level sport. He is in the NBA (National Basketball Association.)
In the past few years, the topic of gender has become more prevalent. Dr. Burgamy showed a National Geographic magazine cover from 2017 describing the “Gender Revolution.” Another Time Magazine cover from 2014, featuring Laverne Cox, a model, an actress and she is transgender. And in 2017, Time had another magazine cover with a non-binary gender identification story up front.

Going a little deeper into the subject, Dr. Burgamy brought up a less famous magazine (the Human Rights Campaign magazine, Equality) with an article called “Hi, I’m Jeydon Loredo.” Dr. Burgamy explained that this article is about Jeydon, a young Texas transgender teenager who was nearly left out of his high school yearbook because he wanted to appear in a tuxedo rather than a dress. Jeydon is, as Dr. Burgamy describes, someone who was “assigned female [gender] at birth” but as Jeydon said, he wanted his friends to remember him as “he really is.” After the Human Rights Campaign and the Southern Poverty Law Center got involved, Jeydon was allowed to appear in the yearbook dressed in a tuxedo. If you want to read the short article, you can find it by clicking HERE.
Many people recognize Dr. Burgamy’s next magazine cover- Bruce Jenner on the cover of Sports Illustrated in 1976. Jenner was again on the cover of a magazine in 2015- this time it was Vanity Fair and he had changed his name and his gender, becoming Caitlyn Jenner. Jenner”s physical transition from a gender assigned at birth to the gender she believed herself to be was controversial to some people and inspiring to others. But it brought the idea of transgender identity to people of different generations and a broad swath of people across the country.

Dr. Burgamy brought the LGBT/ GLBT, LGBTIQQA acronym slide up next. She explained that acronyms are supposed to make things more simple for people. However, this acronym (which grows more letters every year) is not simple to understand. It includes terms like, “intersex,” “questioning,” “multisexual,” “pansexual,” and “ally.” Part of the reason it’s not “simple” is because it bunches together complex concepts like gender orientations, sexual orientations, gender identities and sex identities. These are very different concepts to be all grouped together.  
One of the biggest issues with trying to talk about the concepts and terms people may find in the LGBT/GLBT context, there is often not a clear path to finding out what the terms mean. Dr. Burgamy “narrowed” the terms by looking at “gender terms” that go beyond “female/male.” The word “narrowed” is in quotes because there are many more than just “female” or “male.” Why is it important that people understand the terms? Because it is no longer a world of female/male gender identification and it won’t go back to that binary system. Facebook gives people 56 options when identifying their gender.
Until recently, Dr. Burgamy explained, scientists and society had two boxes to choose from when talking about gender- female or male. Everyone must be one or the other, there is no mid-ground, people don’t choose their own box and people can’t change boxes. Dr. Burgamy calls this socio-cultural categorization which is also regulated homogeneity. Dr. Burgamy thinks it is a method that people use to make sense of the world. People often think gender is simple and science based. It is not so simple to categorize.
Gender is made up of three parts; gender, gender identity and gender expression. (see her Ven diagram) Roughly, “gender” is what social category a person falls into (it is also culturally relative), “gender identity” is what gender a person feels, and “gender expression” is how a person expresses their gender. If these were three categories that neatly and completely overlapped into one shape, that would be simple. However, it often does not fit neatly within one shape. It can often look more like the Ven diagram, where the “gendered self” is what shows up when all the components of gender overlap. The categories may broadly overlap or narrowly overlap- that is where the complications arise. This is especially true when it is not the individual who is making the assessment but rather other people, looking at a person and making a decision about that person’s gender based on their understanding of gender and their culture’s gender expectations.
Dr. Burgamy gave an example: what if you saw someone standing in front of you. This person had a “Santa Clause” level beard- big, bushy and prominent. The person also was wearing an amazing “prom” dress. How do we assess that person’s gender? Most people will think the person in front of them is “male” because of the beard. Even though there are two very strong gender identifiers, (beard- male, dress-female) most people will give more weight to the beard than the dress. (Facial hair is more difficult to change than clothing.) This process of identification is how human’s brains make sense of the world. Reductive classification makes it easier for people to understand what is going on in their world (generally.)
The process of “gendering” or identifying gender is also complicated because we assign gender at or before birth. That’s fine so long as the assigned gender, the socialization and effects of parental nurturing all align with that person’s gender identity. If it doesn’t all align, then it can lead to confusion for the person assigned a gender they don’t fit into and those in their culture who have expectations about a person’s behavior or identity based on gender assignment.
Our culture has very strong gender assumptions and expectations about people from before the time they are born. What is the first question that is nearly always asked to new parents? Usually, it is, “is it a girl or a boy?” The babies usually come home to a blue or pink room and their toys, clothes and activities all break down along gendered lines. We base these decisions about gender on the genitalia of the infant and do not give any thought to gender identity or gender expression let alone an individual’s chromosomes or relative hormone levels.
Dr. Burgamy said, “if there is nothing else you walk away from with this talk, it is this- Sex ≠ Gender.” She went on to say that even people who feel very comfortable with the gender they were assigned at birth have at some point in their lives felt constrained by the box they were assigned. She said she means that at different points in life, people are told how to dress, what behaviors are expected or acceptable, what interests are appropriate to pursue and how a person should “pair” when it came to relationships. These are the “rules.”
Dr. Burgamy pointed out that when a child does not conform with the gender assigned to them or is unable to follow “the rules,” it can be very difficult for that child. Children are generally very concerned about being rejected or shamed. If a child doesn’t conform with their culture’s gender expectations, the child may have depression, anxiety and confusion. Children may not disclose these concerns early because it is so risky for them. Children may have to work through the idea of their gender identity over time. Dr. Burgamy said that gender can be thought of as a web, or a grid with four components for people; nature, culture, nurture and time. And of these components, the only thing we have any type of control over is “nurture.” Nurture is the opportunity to assist children with finding their gender identity in a safer environment than they might find in the broader culture.
Dr. Burgamy gave an example of how badly things can go for children when assigned gender does not match with a person’s gender identity. Doctors at Johns Hopkins studied a set of identical twin boys in 1966. During a circumcision procedure the doctor used the wrong tool and removed the penis of one of the twins. Doctors told the parents to raise that boy as a girl. The doctors reassured the parents that science told them that if they raised the child as a girl, he would become a girl.  This is David Reimer’s story also known as The Case of John/Joan (1966.) The child did not ever feel like a “girl” and eventually found out he was not a girl and did his best to become a man. Both brothers eventually committed suicide (for different reasons.)
Dr. Burgamy said this was an extreme example of the harm that can happen when there is an attempt to impose a gender on an individual but it shows that it should not be done.
As she was wrapping up, Dr. Burgamy invited the audience to take a guess at her sexual orientation. Using herself as an example, Dr. Burgamy noted that when the audience sees her gender nonconformity, their thought process interprets that nonconformity as “gay.” And because that guess is correct, the audience will use that gender nonconformity signal as a tool when making that assessment for someone else. She noted that tool is imperfect. When she was younger, Dr. Burgamy did not have any outward gender nonconformity. She had long hair, she wore dresses, she conformed to gender norms or cultural expectations. It did not change her sexual orientation, she just had no outward signal to other people to indicate she may not conform to the cultural expectation of heterosexual orientation. It’s important, she noted, that we understand gender and sexual orientation are not the same thing and if we use that imperfect reasoning as a way to categorize people we will fail to see those people as they are.
The world is set up to make us categorize people into these roles. Since that categorization does not work for everyone, we may want to keep in mind that it is usually more complicated than that and everyone benefits if we remember the diversity of humanity.
If you’d like to learn more about Dr. Sarah Burgamy’s psychology practice, PhoenixRISE, you can find it by clicking HERE.
 If you'd like to see Dr. Burgamy's program again or pass it along to your friends, you can find it by clicking HERE.
You can see the rest of the meeting too- awards, fun times and member transitions, don't miss it! Click HERE.

You can catch up with previous meetings and speakers by clicking on the TV icon below.


Looking to attend a satellite meeting or curious about what social events are going on? Check out our events page to get all the details.



The Yellow Submarine is your place to submit announcements and club happening for the RIB.

Click the submarine, fill out the form as completely as possible, and your submission will be included. All submissions must be in by midnight on Saturday for inclusion in the following Tuesday's edition.


Click the mic, fill out the form, and let the program committee know about the ideas you have for upcoming BRC programs.
Meetings on Fridays at noon
Boulder JCC
6007 Oreg Ave., Boulder

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The Cyber RIB is the official journal of activities for the Rotary Club of Boulder, Colorado U.S.A., chartered on April 1, 1919 as the 455th Rotary Club in the world. The RIB is edited by Cassidy Murphy and Chad Stamm and sends current club information to members and interested parties. Heartfelt thanks to our late distinguished editors Bob Bradfield and Ted Manning, as well as Ron Secrist, Laura Smith, Diana Sherry, and Sue Deans.
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