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THIS WEEK'S MEETING: 
Frank Alexander - Home Wanted: Tripling Affordable Housing, Building a Healthy Community

The high cost of housing in Boulder County makes finding a home increasingly difficult, especially for working families and individuals, first-time home buyers, seniors, and others on fixed or limited income. High housing costs threaten our quality of life, the vitality of our workforce, our economic growth and diversity, and the wellbeing of our entire community.  Today, working people in our community can no longer afford rent—let alone buy a home—in many of our cities and towns. Achieving success on the issue of affordable housing is only possible using multiple tools and a commitment to action by the public and private sectors, and by all those who live and work here. 
 

THIS WEEK'S MENU:
Toasted Garlic Bread  |  Salad Bar  |  Minestrone Soup  |  Fettuccini Bolognese  |  Roasted Broccoli with Soffriot  |  Dessert

UPCOMING EVENTS:

 

Meetings

 
August 16 - Audrey DeBarros and Kathleen Bracke - Commuting Solutions and Go Boulder - Stuck in Traffic: Is it Our Future?
August 23 - Erika Randall - Associate Professor of Dance Chair, Department of Theater & Dance, University of Colorado - Why Watching Modern Dance Is So Hard: Hot Tips To Make It Easy
August 30 - Dark for Labor Day
 

BRC's 7th Annual Turning Wine Into Water Event, August 24th


Save the date for the Seventh Annual "Turning Wine into Water" event on Saturday, August 24, at 5:00 p.m. at the home of Anne-Marie and Scot Reader in the mountains of North Boulder.

The evening will feature wine and food pairings from seven countries as well as a live and silent auction. Tickets are $60 per person and are limited to the first 80 people who sign up. You are welcome to bring your friends to this fun social event.

Please email Anne-Marie Reader at amreader@live.com if you would like to attend and indicate how many tickets you would like to be billed to your Club Account.

COMMITTEE BRIEFS:

 

Do You Have a Nominee for the Jim Swaeby Peace Award?


You are invited to nominate a candidate for the Jim Swaeby Peace Award. The Award is presented by Boulder Rotary to recognize a person or persons for outstanding achievement consistent with the ideals of Rotary as expressed in the Fourth Object of Rotary: “The advancement of international understanding, goodwill, and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional persons united in the ideal of service.”

The award commemorates the contribution of Boulder Rotarian Jim Swaeby who gave of his time, talent, humor and passion to build a better world.  Jim was a Peace Corps volunteer in Tonga and business man who contributed to the community and world in numerous ways.   In ways unseen in most cases he carried out a life mission to "do an unexpected act of kindness or generosity for someone less privileged."
 
The Award includes an inscribed plaque, a monetary award from $250-$1,000, depending on budget, and an announcement of the Award to the community through the Rotary and the Boulder Daily Camera. (The monetary award will go to a nonprofit mutually agreed on by the recipient and the Peacebuilder Committee.)

Download the application here.


Save the Date for the WASH Symposium


October 5, 2019- for the upcoming WASH symposium

"NextGen WASH: Investing in the next generation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Professionals".

Please contact Charlotte Roehm, WASH Symposium Co-Chair if you have questions. More to come...
                                                          charlotteroehm@gmail.com





 

 

MEMBERSHIP BRIEFS:

 

Birthdays


August 7 - George Russell and Jeane Lindeke
August 9 - Captain (Ret.) Alfred Scott McLaren

A really good week for the Birthday Scholarship Fund thanks to donations from Jancy Campbell, Past President Carol Grever, TK Smith, Past President Gary Berg, and Past President Bill Meyer.  Way to go you all. Your birthday is a great time to share the joy by supporting the BRC Scholarship Program by making a gift of $1 for every one of your years, or more, during the month of your birthday. Put Birthday Scholarships on the memo line of your check and mail to Boulder Rotary Club Foundation, 2995 Baseline Road, Suite 310, Boulder, CO 80303-2318.
 

New Member Induction

 

LeeAnn Marshall


Darla Schueth introduced BRC's newest member, LeeAnn Marshall on Friday.

LeeAnn is very excited to become a member of the Boulder Rotary Club!
 
She moved from Edwards, in the Vail Valley, at the beginning of the year. Her boyfriend, Reid, and she live in Lafayette. She is part of the sales team at Husky Creative. Husky Creative is a powerful sign and graphics company, right here in Boulder.
 
Growing up, LeeAnn's family moved ten times before she graduated high school in Evergreen. That’s probably the reason she's not what you’d call shy!  LeeAnn then moved to Snowbird, UT where she honed her powder skills in the 70’s! From there, she's lived all over the west, and as far away as St. Croix USVI, coming back to Colorado in 2010.
 
LeeAnn loves the outdoors (who doesn’t?). She and Reid enjoy all that this area has to offer: hiking, biking, paddle boarding, rafting, and most of all skiing! She's learning more about the area but would love to be a part of Rotary again. As a member of the Edwards club, she loved the fellowship and ability to be a real part of our community. She enjoyed Edwards Rotary's annual river clean-up and selling ducks every year! 
 
LeeAnn looks forward to being part of her new community and becoming a member of Boulder Rotary will be a great way to start!
 

Boulder Rotary Morns the Loss of E.M. "Butch" Hollister


Long-time Boulder Rotarian, Butch Hollister died at home on July 24th.

Services for Butch will be on, Saturday, August 17th, at 10:00 a.m., at the Sacred Heart of Mary Church, which is at 6739 S Boulder Rd, in Boulder. 
 
 

PROGRAM RECAP:

 

 

Dr. Eric Cornell:

A Profoundly Important
Imperfection

 
Dr. Eric Cornell is a Professor in the CU Department of Physics and a fellow at NIST and JILA. Professor Cornell won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2001 for his work on the Creation of the Bose-Einstein Condensate. Professor Cornell’s Cornell Group researches primarily atomic and molecular physics, precision measurement, the Bose-Einstein Condensate and extremely cold atomic gases.
 
Professor Cornell said he divides his time between CU and his work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).  The joint work between CU’s Physics Department and NIST is called JILA. The website describes JILA,

“JILA began as a joint institute of the University of Colorado Boulder and the NIST (then known as the National Bureau of Standards) in 1962. At that time, the study of laboratory astrophysics was a new concept. Now, over fifty years later, JILA studies a broad section of physics including Quantum Information Science & Technology, Atomic & Molecular Physics, Astrophysics, Laser Physics, Biophysics, Chemical Physics, Nanoscience and Precision Measurement.” (You can learn more about JILA at their website by clicking HERE.)
 
Professor Cornell started by describing how things were, 14 billion years ago- there was a “bang.” (You could call it a “big bang.”)   Shortly after the big bang, things started to “form.”

Professor Cornell explained that everything is made up of electrons, protons and neutrons. Professor Cornell said, “stick them together and you get atoms, stick atoms together and you get molecules, put the molecules together and you get everything else in the universe.”

Professor Cornell said that in addition to the protons, electrons and neutrons, the universe also contained their “partners.” The partners of the building blocks of everything is called antimatter. For every electron, there was an antielectron, for every proton, an antiproton and for every neutron, an antineutron.
 
We don’t see much of antimatter these days, according to Professor Cornell, but 14 billion years ago, he said it was “copious.” At that time, there was about the same amount of antimatter as matter. That means that the universe was filled with billions of times the “stuff” that it is currently- it was really crowded.
 
Then Professor Cornell asked to remember our high school chemistry because the universe did something we still observe today, it started to expand and when it expanded, it cooled off.

And then, “something very romantic happened,” according to Professor Cornell.  Every proton found its antiproton, every electron found its antielectron and every neutron found its antineutron. But Professor Cornell said that married life is passionate but short for our particles.
 
When the particles found each other and stuck together, they would “pop” and annihilate each other. The “pop” is an explosion which is a pulse of light and then the matter disappears altogether. This is what happened to all of these “short term relationships.”

So, in the minutes after the Big Bang, there was very nearly “somebody” for “everybody.” And then there were all the pulses of light and that crowed universe was suddenly not so crowded.

Professor Cornell asked, “who are the final, few, lonely particles that no one wanted?” (You can see in his slide, the lonely "n", "e" and "p.") He told us, “they’re you!”
 
So from the Big Bang, there was very nearly a perfect match for ever particle and antimatter particle created. Except, as Professor Cornell said, there was, “this tiny imperfection. This slight imbalance,” which had enormous consequences. “Mankind was born of this Original imperfection.”
 
This fascinating process is difficult to study. There are no time machines to go back billions of years ago. How do scientists like Professor Cornell do it? You can use telescopes. Telescopes allow scientists to “look back in time.” What is seen through the telescope, stars and galaxies, is how those things were a long time ago because it takes time for the light to travel to Earth to be seen through the telescope. So if a galaxy is 10 million light years away, we are seeing what was happening in that galaxy 10 million light years ago.
 
The farthest galaxy we can see is 13.3 billion light years away. That means we are seeing what the universe was like when it was just a tiny fraction of how old the universe is now. Professor Cornell says that seeing something 13.3 billion light years old is wonderful, it is not, however,  “nearly early enough,” to see the “tiny imperfection” which was earlier than that.
 
Another approach to try to study what happened immediately after the Big Bang is to use particle colliders. Particle colliders can simulate the hot, dense, violent state of the early universe. The largest scientific instrument ever built is called the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) which is partly in Switzerland and partly in France.

Professor Cornell said that particle physicists were a little disappointed because they expected to see a whole “zoo” of new types of particles but that is not how it went. Overall, the results of the LHC experiments did not assist particle physicists in learning about the beginnings of the universe.
 
How else do particle physicists look for evidence of what happened at the beginning of the universe? Professor Cornell says they look for fossils. When we want to look for dinosaurs, there are no written records of them. Scientists have to find the bones of dinosaurs. The bones are not the original creature, but there is a significant amount of information contained in the bones that allow scientists to infer information about the dinosaurs.
 
Professor Cornell describes his work as looking for the fossil, or a remnant of, the Original imperfection. He said he’s looking for asymmetry in a universe full of symmetry.
 
Professor Cornell described himself as an experimental physicist. He said he uses screw drivers, soldering irons and lasers to figure physics out. There are also theoretical physicists who try to figure things out using math. (They create mathematical models that explain everything.)
 
Professor Cornell said, for those theoretical physicists, it’s very difficult to explain (mathematically) an early asymmetry in electrons, protons and neutrons, unless it also is reflected in modern particles. The theoretical physicists asked Professor Cornell to look, “very, very closely” at modern day particles, they ought to be asymmetric. And if they could see those asymmetries in modern day particles, it would help them to understand this early imperfection. Professor Cornell agreed to help look very closely at the simplest particle known, the electron.

The electron is a charged particle, (it’s a negative charge), its got some mass and it spins and it has a north and south pole. Looking for symmetry, Professor Cornell looked to see if the north and south poles on the electron are exactly the same.
 
The Earth has a South Pole and a North Pole and Professor Cornell points out they are really different. The Earth’s South Pole has mountains, the North has sea ice. The North Pole has polar bears, the south has penguins. The question for the Professor was, is the electron the same or different from the Earth.
 
Perhaps, the electron’s charge might be closer to the north pole than the south pole. (Which would mean the electron wasn’t perfectly spherical, more egg shaped.) But, the electron is very small. (VERY small) It is difficult to see a very tiny variance of the placement of the charge on an electron. It might be like trying to see a variance the size of a human hair in an object the size of the Earth.
 
To see that tiny variance on an electron, they use molecular ions, using molecular spectroscopy. That means Professor Cornell and his team have an electron and imbed it in a molecule and shine a laser beam at the molecule and look for asymmetries.

This is what the room looks like:
 
Professor Cornell said the apparatus is “complicated.” (Suggesting that BRC’s lunch may not be the appropriate venue to dig into the super cool apparatus that can measure teeny tiny variances in electrons, Professor Cornell skipped the long explanation.)
 
Professor Cornell wanted to emphasize that it’s taken 15 years to work on this apparatus and it takes a large team of really talented people to do it. They are largely graduate students, in their 20s who come to Boulder to learn very high-end technical training and come out as experimental physics “bad-asses.”

 
Those pictured in the team come from five different countries; one has gone on to become a professor at Harvard; one is now a professor in Singapore; several of them are now working on the problem of quantum computing in local high-tech companies; some are teachers, some are entrepreneurs. Professor Cornell believes these people and their expertise is the real product of his lab.
 
The team was able to measure the electron about 15 times more accurately than it ever had been measure before. It was a mixed blessing because the electron was still looking perfectly symmetrical. Just 15 times more accurately symmetrical than it had ever been measured before.
 
Trying to make this measurement is an ongoing problem physicists have been looking at for nearly 60 years. There has not been much movement toward fine tuned accuracy until the last 20 years or so. And then in the last few years, along with Professor Cornell and his team’s work, they made it significantly more accurate. He pointed out that another group got close to his team’s work and he said, “in order to compete with the University of Colorado’s work [on this problem] Harvard and Yale had to team up!” (Go CU!) However, Harvard and Yale’s team were able to make even more improvements to the measurement about a year after Professor Cornell and his team completed their experiment.
 
Professor Cornell said that he and his team felt they have to continue to work on the accuracy of the measurement because they still had the pressure from the theoretical physicists to find the asymmetry. Comparing himself and his team to Charley Brown (the theoretical physicists are “Lucy” in this analogy) he said they just had to try to kick that football again.  
 
He and his team plan to meet Harvard and Yale’s progress within the next year and within the next decade they will increase the accuracy by 20 times more than they have to date. If, in that experiment, they could find a non-zero (some tiny amount of asymmetry) Professor Cornell said it would be, “back to Stockholm for me, baby!” (We’re rooting for you Professor!)
 
Professor Cornell said they are left with the mystery. He considers it one of the great mysteries of cosmology or cosmo genesis.
 
He is often asked, “isn’t it frustrating?” He said “no” because he works with a team of people who are willing to take on the impossible and make significant progress towards and answer, knowing that it will take time, resources and the work of many to answer it. Those people, their training is his real work. He says that his team starts as brilliant and comes out of the program as world technological leaders.
 
Did you miss Professor Cornell’s presentation? Did you miss his headline grabbing assertion that Harvard, Yale and JILA were Accessories the Murder of the “Minimal Supersymmetric Model?” And his stunning admission that they were not just accessories but did in fact murder the minimal supersymmetric model!?! If so, you can learn the whole story by watching the video of the program, just click HERE.
 
You can also see the rest of our Friday meeting by clicking HERE.

 

You also can see lots of our previous programs and meeting by clicking on the TV icon below which will take you to the BRC Program Archive on our website. Please feel free to binge watch.

CLUB HAPPENINGS & EVENTS


Looking to attend a satellite meeting or curious about what social events are going on? Check out our events page to get all the details.
 
 


RIB SUBMISSIONS

 

The Yellow Submarine is your place to submit announcements and club happening for the RIB.

Click the submarine, fill out the form as completely as possible, and your submission will be included. All submissions must be in by midnight on Saturday for inclusion in the following Tuesday's edition.

PROGRAM IDEAS? SEND THEM HERE.



Click the mic, fill out the form, and let the program committee know about the ideas you have for upcoming BRC programs.
Meetings on Fridays at noon
Boulder JCC
6007 Oreg Ave., Boulder
www.BoulderRotary.org
clubadmin@boulderrotary.org
720.772.1091


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The Cyber RIB is the official journal of activities for the Rotary Club of Boulder, Colorado U.S.A., chartered on April 1, 1919 as the 455th Rotary Club in the world. The RIB is edited by Cassidy Murphy and Chad Stamm and sends current club information to members and interested parties. Heartfelt thanks to our late distinguished editors Bob Bradfield and Ted Manning, as well as Ron Secrist, Laura Smith, Diana Sherry, and Sue Deans.
 
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