As many of us flood to places like the North Coast, Alexandria, Sokhna, and many more, there tends to be a sharp increase in beach litter that directly harms the environment by polluting the beach waters and endangering many sea creatures. The ocean is one of our biggest and greatest natural resources that face industrial waste and spillages all year round yet during the summer months especially as everyday citizens become one of its biggest threats.
Billions of pounds of pollutions end up in our oceans every year and a large chunk of it is due to human activity along the coastlines in areas like public beaches, which is especially heightened over the summer months. The most visible types of beach pollution include things such as cigarette butts (around 4.5 trillion of those litter the environment annually), food wrappers, and plastic bottles which are left behind by beachgoers. When these end up in the water they lead to increased production of nitrogen and phosphorus which can cause excess algae growth at a rapid rate. This can be detrimental to aquatic ecosystems, blocking light and depleting oxygen. They can also release toxins that pose a threat to humans and wildlife.
Furthermore, this litter causes a direct threat to wildlife, with beach litter alone affecting approximately more than 800 species of wildlife globally. Over 100,000 seabirds, sea turtles, seals, and other marine mammals die each year after mistaking plastic for food and swallowing it or getting entangled in it. With plastic making up the majority of marine litter it poses a huge threat to the environment and it will also last more than 450 years in the environment.
This is just a small look into the effects of beach litter that increases dramatically over the summer. Check our Go Green Guide below for practical tips on how to practice sustainability this summer and protect our beaches! For more information on this topic also check out our list of recommendations at the end of the newsletter.