Information and resources relevant to strengthening Roma inclusion
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Roma inclusion newsletter
Published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in cooperation with the European Commission - Directorate-General for Health and Consumers and the Interuniversity Institute of Social Development and Peace at the University of Alicante, Spain (WHO Collaborating Centre on Social Inclusion and Health)
In focus

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council
This midterm review of the European Union (EU) framework for national Roma integration strategies (NRISs) takes stock of the progress since the launch of the EU framework for NRISs in 2011. It is based on data on how the situation of Roma people has changed, along with input from national authorities, civil society and other partners. 

October 2017

Regional Cooperation Council Roma Integration 2020 (RCC RI2020) Regional Conference “Filling in the budget gaps in Roma integration policies”
10 November 2017, Tirana, Albania
The main objective of the conference is to create a platform for participating economies and donors to discuss ongoing activities, achievements, needs and priorities for Roma integration in the areas of education, employment, health, housing, and civil registration; and to identify and match adequate funding opportunities either on a bilateral or regional basis, for measures, programmes and activities that cannot be funded from national budgets.

1st World Congress on Migration, Ethnicity, Race and Health. Diversity and Health
17–19 May 2018, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)
One of the aims of this congress is to improve research, population health and health care for migrants and ethnic minorities.
Past events
Seminar: “Under the same roof – how to work cross-sectorally on inclusion”
25–28 October 2017, Bucharest, Romania
This was a stakeholder seminar on cross-sectoral cooperation for young people with fewer opportunities – notably Roma youth – in order to enable their active involvement and integration in society.
Seminar: “Changing the narrative on Roma in healthcare settings”
24–26 October 2017, Ohrid, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
The seminar consisted of keynote lectures and training in small groups on the fundamentals of narrative approaches to health care, exploring how narratives shape Roma patients’ experiences of ill health and the health care system.
2017 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) TransMonEE network meeting of national statistical offices in Europe and central Asia: “Leaving no child behind. Data on nationality, ethnicity and migration”
24–25 October 2017, Athens, Greece
This year’s network meeting of national statistical offices from UNICEF’s Europe and central Asia region was co-hosted by UNICEF and the Hellenic Statistical Authority. The primary purpose of the meeting was to enhance the capacity of national statistical systems to generate high-quality data on key indicators of children’s well-being, with particular reference to refugee, migrant and ethnic minority children and adolescents. It included expert and panel presentations, group discussions and plenary sessions.
Professional Development Workshop: School Inclusion
5–7 October 2017, Bratislava, Slovakia
During this professional development workshop on school inclusion (specifically, minority language and culture, Roma, and special needs pupils) specific workshops and seminars were held on various issues, such as inclusion and exclusion from a psychological perspective, and discussing children from socially excluded Roma localities (raising questions of whether this represents failure or an opportunity for teaching).
RCC RI2020 Second Roma Integration Task Force Meeting
20–21 September 2017, Belgrade, Serbia
The annual meeting of the RCC RI2020 Task Force discussed the RI2020 implementation, the first annual reporting cycle by the participating economies, the EU framework for the NRISs up to 2020, budgeting for Roma integration policies, and upcoming activities for 2018. The RI2020 received a mandate to evaluate and propose a standardized and unified regional approach for Roma-sensitive budgeting.

Anti-Gypsyism – combating negative attitudes about Roma in Romania
6 September 2017, Ploieşti, Romania
Organized by the Center of Resources for Social Inclusion (CRIS) and the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA), this event aimed to provide a platform for participants to exchange information and ideas about good practices, and to discuss possible challenges and solutions to combating anti-Gypsyism at EU, national and local levels.
2017 Annual Meeting of the Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Gypsy / Romani Studies
30 August – 1 September 2017, Nicosia, Cyprus
The event was organized by the Gypsy Lore Society and included presentations of recent research, discussion sessions, exhibits and films.
Projects and reports
Progress reports from 2016 on the implementation of the NRISs and action plans in the western Balkans and Turkey
These reports have been submitted by the participating governments in the RI2020 project of the RCC. The reports follow a regionally standardized and adopted template and will be submitted annually to the RCC. They elaborate on the progress achieved in the implementation of Roma-related strategies, the budget allocated, as well as the impact of policies and programmes on Roma people.  
2017 National Platform on Roma Integration: meetings in Albania (23 May), Serbia (13 June) and Montenegro (5 July) and their related policy papers
In each of the National Platform meetings, the 2016 annual report on the implementation of Roma integration policy in the relevant country was presented, along with the civil society view on the issue in each case. The policy papers resulting from the National Platform meetings include an overview of the discussions, conclusions and recommendations, and in the case of the Serbian National Platform, a related policy brief also extract the relevant recommendations.

Public Budgeting for Roma Integration Policies
The RCC RI2020 Action Team organized a 2-day regional workshop on budgeting for Roma integration policies on 20–21 March 2017 in Skopje. The report presents a summary of the discussions during the workshop, including regional and national recommendations on public budgeting to be further elaborated by the Action Team. 

The underrepresentation of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in higher education
This 2017 report commissioned by King’s College London on barriers from early years to secondary and beyond explores why Gypsies, Roma and Travellers are underrepresented in higher education, including the barriers that inhibit their success throughout compulsory education and the specific factors which reduce their participation in higher education.
Improving payment mechanisms to support a new delivery model for tuberculosis care in Romania
This WHO Regional Office for Europe report attempts to describe in detail the new model of delivering and financing tuberculosis services – which was the final outcome of three missions carried out on 19–22 October 2015, and 13–15 April and 12–16 December 2016, together with a roadmap.
  This strategy is a cross-departmental initiative to improve the lives of the Traveller and Roma communities in Ireland.

Ignored and unequal: Roma access to the right to housing and education in Turkey
This is a report published in June 2017 by Minority Rights Group International and The Zero Discrimination Association as part of the Project “Mobilising Civil Society for Monitoring Equality for Roma People in the Education and Housing Systems in Turkey”.
Addressing extreme poverty in Hungary – how the development sector is working with, and for, communities
This 2017 report from the Badur Foundation aims to present the national, regional, and local initiatives intending to reduce extreme poverty to a wider audience, considering the Roma are overrepresented among people living in extreme poverty in Hungary.
Combating institutional anti-Gypsyism: responses and promising practices in the EU and selected Member States
Produced in May 2017, this research report by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) draws conclusions and provides a set of policy recommendations for EU and national policy-makers to effectively combat anti-Gypsyism.
The last acceptable form of racism? The pervasive discrimination and prejudice experienced by Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities
Based on an online survey of 214 community members from across the United Kingdom between February and July 2017, this report by the Traveller Movement shed new light on Gypsy, Roma and Traveller people’s experience of prejudice and discrimination in areas such as education, employment, health care and access to services.
Key policies for addressing the social determinants of health and health inequities (Health Evidence Network (HEN) 52)
This HEN synthesis report aims to identify and collate evidence-informed policy options and recommendations for improving the social determinants of health and health inequities from international and intergovernmental organizations relevant to Member States of the WHO European Region.
Towards a comprehensive EU protection system for minorities
This study of the Directorate-General for Internal Policies (European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs) presents the state of play regarding the main challenges characterizing the protection of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities in a selection of 11 European countries, in light of existing international and regional legal and policy frameworks.


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Bhabha J, Fuller A, Matache M, Vranješević J, Chernoff MC, Spasić B, et al. Reclaiming adolescence: a Roma youth perspective. Harv Educ Rev. 2017; 87(2):186–224. doi: 10.17763/1943-5045-87.2.186
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Becares L, Dewey M, Das-Munshi J. Ethnic density effects for adult mental health: systematic review and meta-analysis of international studies. J Epidemiol Community Heath 2017; 71:A95. doi: 10.1136/jech-2017-SSMAbstracts.197
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Brunn SD, Matlovičová K, Mušinka A,  Matlovič R. Policy implications of the vagaries in population estimates on the accuracy of sociographical mapping of contemporary Slovak Roma communities. GeoJournal 2017; 1–17. doi: 10.1007/s10708-017-9804-9

Chaudhuri IN. Community mobilization for slum upgrading through sanitation in Roma informal settlements in the Paris region. Front Public Health 2017; 5:213. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00213

Cools P, Leggio DV, Matras Y, Oosterlynck S. “Parity of participation” and the politics of needs interpretation: engagement with Roma migrants in Manchester. J Soc Policy 2017: 1–18. doi: 10.1017/S0047279417000575

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Kamberi E, Martinovic B, Verkuyten M. Intergroup contact and minority group empowerment: The perspective of Roma and non‐Roma adolescents in Macedonia. J Community Appl Soc Psychol. 2017; 27(5):424–434. doi: 10.1002/casp.2320

Kende A, Hadarics M, Lášticová B. Anti-Roma attitudes as expressions of dominant social norms in eastern Europe. Int JIntercult Relat. 2017; 60:12–27. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.06.002

Klípa O. Chasing “statistical Roma”: ethnic data collection in Czech primary schools. JEMIE 2017; 16(1):32–50.

Kóczé A. Race, migration and neoliberalism: distorted notions of Romani migration in European public discourses. Soc Ident. 2017: 1–15. doi: 10.1080/13504630.2017.1335827.

Koubek M. What’s in a name again? The identity frames and mobilisation strategies of Czech Romani and Pro-Romani activists. Ethnicities 2017; 19 May. doi: 10.1177/1468796817709845

Kozubik M, van Dijk JP, Odraskova B. Roma housing and eating in 1775 and 2013: a comparison. Preprints 2017; 7 Sept. doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0022.v1

Kyuchukov H. Cultural-ecological theory and the language education of Roma children. RUDN J Psychol Pedagogics 2017; 14(3):290–300. doi: 10.22363/2313-1683-2017-14-3-290-300

Leggio DV.  Critiquing stereotypes. Research engagement with UK local authority supporting Roma migrants. ANUAC 2017; 6(1):119–140. doi: 10.7340/anuac2239-625X-292

Malone KM, McGuinness SG, Cleary E, Jefferies J, Owens C, Kelleher CC. Lived lives: a Pavee perspective. An arts-science community intervention around suicide in an indigenous ethnic minority. Wellcome Open Res. 2017; 2:27. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.11330.1

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Melegh BI, Banfai Z, Hadzsiev K, Miseta A, Melegh B. Refining the South Asian origin of the Romani people. BMC Genet 2017; 18(1):82. doi: 10.1186/s12863-017-0547-x

New WS, Kyuchukov H, de Villiers J. “We don't talk Gypsy here”: minority language policies in Europe. JoLaCE 2017; 5(2). doi: 10.1515/jolace-2017-001

Orton LC, Sheard S. The “problem” of Roma health and wellbeing: a critical analysis of European policy perspectives. J Epidemiol Community Health 2017; 71(Suppl. 1):A95. doi: 10.1136/jech-2017-SSMAbstracts.198

Padilla-Carmona T, González-Monteagudo J, Soria-Vílchez A. Roma in higher education: a case study of successful trajectories in the University of Seville. Revista de Educación 2017; 377:187–211 doi: 10.4438/1988-592X-RE-2017-377-358

Paľová D, Novak NM, Weidinger V. Digital learning as a tool to overcome school failure in minority groups. MIPRO 2017/CE:873–878.
Panayiotopoulos C, Zachariades Z. Exploring the unknown aspects of Roma community in Cyprus and the role of social work practice. Eur J Soc Work 2017; 20(4):572–583. doi: 10.1080/13691457.2016.1188773
Pipiková J, Papajová I, Šoltys J, Schusterová I. Occurrence of the most common helminth infections among children in the eastern Slovak Republic. Public Health 2017; 150:71–76. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.05.011
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Santosh Dnyandev S.  The plight of Roma Gypsies in Europe: the Spanish case. AJSSH 2017; 7(7):187–197. doi: 10.5958/2249-7315.2017.00377.X

Simić N, Krstić K. School factors related to dropout from primary and secondary education in Serbia – a qualitative research. Psihološka Istraživanja 2017; 20(1):51–70.
Šprocha B, Bleha B. Does socio‐spatial segregation matter? “Islands” of high Romany fertility in Slovakia. Tijdschr Econ Soc Geogr. 2017; 6 July. doi: 10.1111/tesg.12270
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Vives-Cases C, Espinar-Ruiz E, Castellanos-Torres E, Coe AB. Multiple struggles in fighting violence against women: implications among Romani women leaders in Spain. Glob Health Action 2017; 10(Suppl. 2):1317084. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1317084
Vives-Cases C, Goicolea I, Hernández A, Sanz-Barbero B, Davó-Blanes M, La Parra-Casado D. Priorities and strategies for improving Roma women’s access to primary health care services in cases on intimate partner violence: a concept mapping study. Int J Equity Health 2017; 7 Jun;16(1):96. doi: 10.1186/s12939-017-0594-y
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About this newsletter
This newsletter is published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in cooperation with the European Commission – Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) and the Interuniversity Institute of Social Development and Peace at the University of Alicante, Spain (WHO Collaborating Centre on Social Inclusion and Health). It was initiated by United Nation agencies working on Roma issues in Europe and also involves other international partners. The content of the newsletter is provided by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the WHO Regional Office for Europe, the Council of Europe (CoE), the Roma Integration 2020 - Regional Cooperation Council, the European Council (EC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Open Society Foundations (OSF).
Financial contribution to the newsletter has been provided by UNDP, UNFPA, OSF, UN Women and WHO.
© World Health Organization 2017
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