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Information and resources relevant to strengthening Roma inclusion
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Roma inclusion newsletter
Published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in cooperation with the European Commission - Directorate-General for Health and Consumers and the Interuniversity Institute of Social Development and Peace at the University of Alicante, Spain (WHO Collaborating Centre on Social Inclusion and Health)
In focus

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II): Roma – selected findings
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has published its second report at the end of 2016, revealing how Roma families are being excluded from society and live in shocking conditions, while children with little education face bleak prospects for the future. Findings are based on a survey that collected information on almost 34 000 Roma in 9 EU Member States and derived from nearly 8000 face-to-face interviews with Roma people. The nine countries involved were: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain.
 
Launching of the online platform on the European Network of Community Health Mediators
The collaboration and partnership fostered under the Regional Intervention on "Health Mediation and the Roma” – the action part of the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Equi-Health project – has been backed by an e-platform with the objective of establishing continuous sharing of knowledge and experiences, models and programmes between mediators and organizations from EU Member States.

March 2017

 
Events
Gypsy, Roma, Traveller awareness session
8 March 2017, Chester, England
This event aims to equip delegates with awareness and understanding of issues related to Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) communities, provide an understanding of the cultural needs and legislative duties in relation to these communities and give practical ideas to help to improve communication with them.
 
NATT+ conference 2017 – Best practice in Gypsy, Roma and Traveller education
10 March 2017, Birmingham, England
The 2017 NATT+ Conference is organized by the National Association of Teachers of Travellers + Other Professionals. It will take place at the Aston Hotel Conference Centre in Birmingham. 
 
Regional workshop on budgeting for Roma integration policies
20–21 March 2017, Skopje, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Roma Integration 2020
Within the framework of the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) Roma Integration 2020 project, a workshop is being organized with the main objective to assist the national governments to integrate measures from the existing national Roma integration strategies, including sectorial policies (strategies and action plans) into the domestic budget and Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) funding planning. The workshop will explore the relationship between planning and budgeting, as well as the relevant decision-making processes. Email: romaintegration2020@rcc.int
 
Romani identities: performance, antigypsyism and representation
3–14 July 2017, Budapest, Hungary
The aim of this Central European University (CEU) Summer University course is to link participating students and scholars with a transnational network of scholars, performers, community activists, and artists in order to investigate the use and potential of critical performance as a socially engaged practice within and between Romani communities. 
 
2017 Annual meeting of the Gypsy Lore Society and Conference on Gypsy / Romani Studies
30 August – 1 September 2017, Nicosia, Cyprus
The event is organized by the Gypsy Lore Society and will include presentations of recent research, discussion sessions, exhibitions and films. Contributions from various disciplines and perspectives on any aspect of gypsy studies are accepted.

Past events
 
Cultural competency training 2017
23 February 2017, Maidstone, England
The course identified obstacles to access to education, health, employment, accommodation, safeguarding and other public services, which inhibit the delivery of quality provision to GRT communities. It also improved understanding of how institutions can engage effectively with the GRT community.
 
Drawing contest for children “What do you imagine under word Roma?"
17–18 January 2017, Prague, Czech Republic 
As part of the project “Fighting discrimination and anti-Gypsysim in education and employment in EU” (Project PAL), co-funded by the EU’s Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme, the goal of this contest is to help children, teachers and parents consider “how the society is expressing and accepting the Roma community”.
 
First lessons and pathways to the future: the first ROMACT TCC networking meeting
15–16 December, Munich, Germany
A networking event took place to exchange experiences and enhance cooperation between interested cities. The event gathered representatives of local authorities and mandated nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) which benefited from the ROMACT programme Transnational Cooperation Component (TCC) modules and potential applicants. The presentations – such as “How to address specific integration needs of Roma originating from the Western of Balkans (UNDP)” – are available for consultation on the Council of Europe’s ROMACT website.
 
ROMACT Transnational cooperation and capacity building 
12–16 December, Maramures County, Romania
In the framework of the ROMACT TCC programme, a team of representatives of Métropole européenne de Lille (France), along with mandated partners such as l’Association des Flandres pour l'Éducation, la formation des Jeunes et l'Insertion sociale et professionnelle (AFEJI) et l’Association Régionale d'Etude et d'Action Sociale (AREAS) visited Romania’s Ponorata and Coroieni municipalities to initiate transnational collaboration with the local authorities and local NGO, ASSOC (Baia Mare). The representatives of the joint mission visited the local communities in order to gather local-level data about the employment and general situation of the Roma communities. 
 
Roma Integration 2020. International workshop on monitoring and reporting
12–13 December 2016, Vienna, Austria
The main objectives of the regional workshop organized by the Roma Integration 2020 RCC Action Team were to: (i) acquaint participants with the methodology and application of the reporting template; (ii) build practical skills in using the reporting template; (iii) exchange good practices in data collection and reporting. The workshop gathered government representatives from various line ministries of the western Balkan countries and Turkey, including state statistical offices, representatives of civil society organizations and international organizations.
 
Seminar on combatting early/child and forced marriage
12–13 December 2016, Strasbourg, France
The Support Team of the Secretary General for Roma issues recently organized a seminar on violence against women and children with a special focus on combatting early/child and forced marriage, human trafficking and domestic violence. The aims were to raise awareness and to stimulate action from both within and outside of the Roma community. Participants included representatives of NGOs, international organizations and staff members from various sectors of the Council of Europe.
 
Bulgarian National Network of Health Mediators, 10th meeting within the framework of the project “Initiative for Health and Immunoprophylaxis”
8 December 2016, Sofia, Bulgaria
The main objective of this event was to discuss the continuation of the health mediation programme in Bulgaria through regional and national projects, as well as the work of the Roma health mediators among vulnerable communities across the country. The meeting focused on the exchange of experiences and good practices in terms of collaboration between the Roma health mediators, authorities and health personnel with the goal of improving the quality of and access to health care and services. 
 
Association pour l’Accueil des Voyageurs (ASAV) workshop: "Health mediators: a recognized approach, a job to be promoted in the direction of people in vulnerable situation"
12 December 2016, Paris, France
Organized by ASAV with the support of Public Health France and the French Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, this workshop aimed to discuss the conditions for the recognition of Roma mediation in health.
 
“Khetane Kadima” Study session on combatting antisemitism and antigypsyism
20–26 November 2016, Budapest, Hungary
The session aimed to raise awareness and increase solidarity and capacity among Romani and Jewish youth activists and their organizations in combatting racism and discrimination, especially antigypsyism and antisemitism.
 
Gypsy, Traveller, Roma and Showpeople (GRTS) Conference
18 November 2016, York, England
The speakers provided an overview of the changes in national planning policy and guidance and the impacts on planning for the needs of GRTS communities.
 
Which steps towards European policies against antigypsyism?
15 November 2016, Brussels, Belgium
The Open Society Foundations, the German Federal Foreign Office, and the European Commission hosted a seminar encouraging policy-makers to increase efforts to combat prejudice against Roma communities. The seminar explored how successful policy initiatives around education and reconciliation can be systematized and widened throughout Europe. 
  
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Chairmanship Conference on tolerance and diversity
20 October 2016, Berlin, Germany
Within the framework of Germany’s OSCE Chairmanship, the Federal Foreign Office hosted a Conference on tolerance and diversity in Berlin, to explore issues of tolerance and diversity as key values to stable and peaceful societies based on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Policy tools were discussed and examples of good practice provided. 
 
ROMACT TCC – 1st mediation training 
3–4 October 2016, Belfast, United Kingdom
14 participants, representing both public bodies and NGOs from Belfast, and representatives of the Health Service Executive of the Republic of Ireland (based in Dublin), attended a learning session organized in cooperation with the Good relations” office of Belfast City Council. A second training session is planned, to continue their learning cycle on effective intercultural mediation, based on the ROMED methodology of the EU training programme on intercultural mediation for Roma communities, and comprising three modules: training of intercultural mediators, intercultural training, and support for working visits.
Projects and reports
Congress of Regional and Local Authorities report on the situation of Roma and Travellers in the context of rising extremism, xenophobia and the refugee crisis in Europe
This report assesses the situation of Roma and Travellers in Europe 5 years after Congress Resolution 333 (2011) on “Roma inclusion as a challenge for local and regional authorities”. It underlines that, despite numerous efforts, the circumstances not only have not improved, but appear to have worsened during the refugee crisis. 
 
Institute for Public Policy Research report on Roma communities & Brexit – integrating and empowering Roma in the United Kingdom
This report examines the evidence on the disadvantages that Roma experience, and calls on local authorities with significant Roma populations to develop a common platform to ensure that funding shortfalls caused by Brexit are covered by central government. Key recommendations are outlined, including how cash-strapped local authorities can help Roma people by supporting community cohesion in more strategic ways.
 
“Serbian education for Roma inclusion: understanding and assessing teachers’ intercultural sensitivity in Serbia”
This research project incorporates teaching-specific facets into the general understanding of intercultural competence, using both qualitative and quantitative methodology.
 
 "Managing and delivering Gypsy and Traveller sites: negotiating conflict"
This report aims to bring balance and make counter arguments to the pervasive notion that all sites are problematic and that Gypsy and Traveller issues belong in the “too difficult” pile of things to do by local authorities. The overriding message from this research is that sites can be well-managed, sustainable and vital elements of a diverse community.
 
Annual policy report on migration and asylum 2015: Ireland
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of trends, policy developments and significant debates in the area of asylum and migration during 2015 in Ireland.
 
Integration without borders
The project was inspired by the fact that every European country has certain experience of either a socially excluded Roma community or refugees from the east, Asia or Africa. Each of the partner countries (Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) is in a different position and has different historical experience. The project is intended to enable the exchange and further development of their experience. 
 
"Coercive and cruel: sterilisation and its consequences for Romani women in the Czech Republic (1966–2016)"
This report by the European Roma Rights Centre examines the practice of coercive sterilizations in the Czech Republic as experienced by Romani women against their will or without free and informed consent. Along with a review of the institutional, legal and policy context within which these sterilizations took place, the main focus of the report is on the personal experiences of sterilized Romani women. It presents accounts of Romani women of their treatment by medical personnel and social workers. 
 
European Commission and Council of Europe report on ROMED2 Guidelines and resources for national and local facilitators
Based on a proven methodology – improved and revised over 3 years of practical implementation and tested by an external evaluation in 2016 – this guidance document provides a complete set of tools for achieving effective participation of Roma. It serves as a useful tool for local authorities, national and local facilitator/mediators, and other stakeholders from within or outside of the community, who would like to mobilize and engage a particular Roma community in a real participatory process in a given city or village.
 
"Effective Roma integration measures in the Member States 2016"
This European Commission report is a communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, entitled “Assessing the implementation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies and the Council Recommendation on Effective Roma integration measures in the Member States 2016”. It reports on the overall conclusions regarding progress in implementing the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020.
 
Study-map on housing and the Roma population, 2015
The executive summary of the “Study-map on housing and the Roma community, 2015” was recently published by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, aiming  to provide comparable information on the evolution of the housing and residential conditions of the Roma living in Spain since 2007, and to identify the prevalence of problems such as substandard and slum housing and other issues related to residential exclusion among the Roma population.

Research


Andrei T, Mirica A, Teodorescu D, Dascălu E-D. Main determinants of labor force participation in the case of metropolitan Roma people. RJEF. 2016;XIX(3):144–163.
 
Avery H, Hoxhallari I. From policy to practice: Roma education in Albania and Sweden. Urban Rev. 2017. doi:10.1007/s11256-016-0394-5.
 
Belak A, Madarasova Geckova A, van Dijk JP, Reijneveld SA. Health-endangering everyday settings and practices in a rural segregated Roma settlement in Slovakia: a descriptive summary from an exploratory longitudinal case study. BMC Public Health 2017;17:128. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4029-x.
 
Bloem S, Brüggemann C. Student performance and inequality in central and south eastern Europe. Cross-country comparison and case study on Romani-speaking students in Slovakia.  Budapest: Roma education Fund; 2016 (Working Paper No. 5).
 
Chireac SM, Arbona AD. Improving and protecting human rights A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe. Regions & Cohesion 2016;6(3):52–76. doi:10.3167/reco.2016.060303.
 
Dahlstedt M, Olson M. Ana’s tragedy – and Europe’s a contemplation over Romani, belonging and the conditioned citizenship making in a Europe of migration. Eur J Futures Res. 2016;4:16. doi:10.1007/s40309-016-0098-9.
 
D'Agostino S. Five years of EU Roma integration policies: vanishing gender awareness? Policy brief. Institute for European Studies 2016;14:1–4.
 
De Graaf P, Rotar Pavlič D, Zelko E, Vintges M, Willems S, Hanssens L. Primary care for the Roma in Europe: position paper of the European Forum for Primary Care. Zdrav Var. 2016;55(3):218–224. doi:10.1515/sjph-2016-0030.
 
Duval L, Wolff F, McKee M, Roberts B. The Roma vaccination gap: evidence from twelve countries in central and south east Europe. Vaccine 2016;34(46):5524–5530. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.10.003.
 
Duval L, Wolff FC, McKee M, Roberts B. Ethnic differences in smoking behaviour: the situation of Roma in eastern Europe. SEEJPH. 2016;VI. doi:10.4119/UNIBI/SEEJPH-2016-132.
 
Gay y Blasco P. “It's the best place for them”: normalising Roma segregation in Madrid. SA/AS. 2016;24(4):446–461. doi:10.1111/1469-8676.12333.
 
Gkofa P. Promoting social justice and enhancing educational success: suggestions from twenty educationally successful Roma in Greece. Urban Rev.2017:1–20. doi:10.1007/s11256-016-0393-6.
 
Howard J, Vajda V. Inclusion as an agenda for transformative and sustainable change: addressing invisible power through reflective practice. IDS Bulletin 2016;47(5):12.
 
Jankovic J, Stamenkovic Z, Stojanovski K, Goodwin RD, Janevic T (2016). Predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy: a community-based study of Romani women in southeastern EuropeJ Public Health 2016:1–8. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdw123.
 
Kende A, Tropp L, Lantos NA. Testing a contact intervention based on intergroup friendship between Roma and non-Roma Hungarians: reducing bias through institutional support in a non-supportive societal context. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2017 ;47:47–55. doi:10.1111/jasp.12422.
 
Lalic V, Francuz V. Ethnic minorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina – current state, discrimination and safety issues. BSSR. 2016;8(8):153–179.
 
Grbić M. Prelude to improving living conditions of Roma in Serbia: contribution to the contextualization and adaptation of cultural policy paradigms. Facta Univ, Archit Civ Eng. 2016;14(3):301–310. doi: 10.2298/FUACE1603301G.
 
Hemelsoet E, Smeyers P. Understanding Roma “practices”. Prompting educational research to surpass “What is the case” to "What needs to be done”. Teor Educ. 2016;28(2):201–224. doi:10.14201/teoredu2016282201224.
 
Janevic T, Osypuk T, Stojanovski K, Jankovic J, Gundersen D, Rogers M. Associations between racial discrimination, smoking during pregnancy and low birthweight among Roma. Eur J Pub Health 2017;ckw214. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw214.
 
Jankovic J, Stamenkovic Z, Stojanovski K, Goodwin RD, Janevic T. Predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy: a community-based study of Romani women in Southeastern Europe. J Public Health 2016:1-8. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdw123
 
La Parra Casado D, Gil-González D, De la Torre Esteve M. The social class gradient in health in Spain and the health status of the Spanish Roma. Ethn Health 2016;21(5):468–479. doi:10.1080/13557858.2015.1093096.
 
Latorre-Arteaga S, Gil-González D, Vives-Cases C, La Parra Casado D. Vision and hearing health inequities in the Roma population: a national cross-sectional study in Spain. J Immigr Minor Health 2016:1–11. doi:10.1007/s10903-016-0489-9.
 
Magazzini T. Cultural institutions as a combat sport. Reflections on the European Roma Institute. The Age of Human Rights 2016;7:50–76. doi:10.17561/ tahrj.n7.9.
 
McFadden A, Atkin K, Bell K, Innes N, Jackson C, Jones H et al. Community engagement to enhance trust between Gypsy/Travellers, and maternity, early years’ and child dental health services: protocol for a multi-method exploratory study. Int J Equity Health 2016;15(183):1–9. doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0475-9.
 
Möschel M. The Strasbourg Court and indirect race discrimination: going beyond the education domain. Mod Law Rev. 2017;80(1):121–132. doi:10.1111/1468-2230.12245.
 
Papamichail D, Petraki I, Arkoudis C, Terzidis A, Smyrnakis E, Benos A et al. Low vaccination coverage of Greek Roma children amid economic crisis: national survey using stratified cluster sampling. Eur J Public Health 2016; ckw179. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw179. 
 
Reysen S, Slobodnikova A, Katzarska-Miller I. Roma’s school ethnic composition, intergroup contact and global citizenship identification as predictors of well-being. Curr Res Educ. 2016;2(3):121–129.
 
Ruzicka M. Unveiling what should remain hidden: ethics and politics of researching marginal people. ÖZS. 2016;41(Suppl 2):147–164. doi:10.1007/s11614-016-0233-7.
 
Schaaf M, Pana A,  Ileanu B,  Metodieva M. The costs and benefits of Roma health mediation in Bulgaria and Romania. Eur J Public Health 2016;26(suppl_1):ckw174.105. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckw174.105. 
 
Šegregur J, Šegregur D. Antenatal characteristics of Roma female population in Virovitica-Podravina County, Croatia. Zdr Varst. 2017;56(1):47–54. doi:10.1515/sjph-2017-0007.
 
Setti F. Long-lasting fieldwork, ethnographic restitution and “engaged anthropology” in Romani studies. Urban Rev. 2017:1–10. doi: 10.1007/s11256-016-0389-2.
 
Siptár D, Tésits R, Alpek L. Cultural and regional characteristics of poverty segregations (based on the examples of Hungarian peripheral regions). Eastern Eur Countryside 2016;22:107–134. doi:10.1515/eec-2016-0006.
 
Škobla D, Filčák R. Infrastructure in marginalised Roma settlements: towards a typology of unequal outcomes of EU funded projects. Sociologia 2016;48(6):551–571.
 
Starčević J, Dimitrijević B, Milovanović SM. Rethinking the role of pedagogical assistants:
establishing cooperation between Roma families and schools in Serbia. CEPS Journal 2016;6(4):73.
 
Thornton J. Bulgaria attempts to combat discrimination against Roma. Lancet 2017; 389(10066):240–241. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30136-8.
 
Yordanova N, Kozhuharova P, Simeonova T, Stoychev C, Petkov P, Ivanov V. Prevention and violence in grassroot sport in school and sports clubs. Eur J Train Devel Stud. 2016;3(5):14–25.
 
Yuval-Davis N, Wemyss G, Cassidy K. Introduction to the special issue: racialized bordering discourses on European Roma. Ethn Racial Stud. 2017: 1-11. doi:10.1080/01419870.2017.1267382.
 
Vincze E, Pop F. Roma settlement formation in a small Romanian town. Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics 2016;2(1):183–198.
 
Virág T. Spatial consequences of urban policies forming a Roma ghetto. Socio.Hu.
2016;4:3–21. doi:10.18030/socio.hu.2016en.3.
 
Watson HL, Downe S. Discrimination against childbearing Romani women in maternity care in Europe: a mixed-methods systematic review. Reprod Health 2017;14(1). doi:10.1186/s12978-016-0263-4.
 
Books
 
Ahmed A, Rogers M, editors. Working with marginalised groups: from policy to practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan; 2016.
 
Bereményi BÁ, Carrasco S. Bittersweet success. The impact of academic achievement among the Spanish Roma after a decade of Roma inclusion. In: Pink WT, Noblit GW, editors. Second international handbook of urban education. Cham: Springer International Publishing Switzerland; 2017:1169–1198.
 
Cemlyn S, Ryder A. Education for citizenship and social justice: the case of Gypsies, Travellers and Roma. In: Peterson A, Hattam R, Zembylas M, Arthur J, editors. The Palgrave international handbook of education for citizenship and social justice. London: Palgrave Macmillan; 2016:163–185.

Ignjatovic S, Boskovic A. Gender equality in Serbia. In: Ortenblad A, Marling R, Vasiljevic S, editors. Gender equality in a global perspective. New York (NY): Routledge; 2016:198–223.
 
Kóczé A. Romani women and the paradoxes of neoliberalism: race, gender and class in the era of late capitalism in east-central Europe. In Kováts E, editor. Solidarity in struggle. Feminist perspectives on neoliberalism in east-central Europe. Budapest: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung; 2016:42–53.
 
Marushiakova E, Popov V. Gypsies in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Cham: Springer International Publishing Switzerland; 2016. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-41057-9.
 
McDermott  JC, Chapel FM, Drahokoupil SV, Bakšić-Muftić J, Stanislav D, Hancock I et al. The education of Roma children: challenges and promises. In: Gordon RK, Akutsu T, McDermott JC, Lalas JW. Challenges associated with cross-cultural and at-risk student engagement. Hershey (PA): IGI Global Diseminator of Knowledge; 2017. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-1894-5.
 
Rego R. The role of civil society organisations in emancipating Portuguese Roma women. In Schwabenland C, Lange C, Onyx J, Nakagawa S, editors. Women's emancipation and civil society organisations: challenging or maintaining the status quo? Bristol: Policy Press; 2016:235–253.
 
Timmer AD. Educating the Hungarian Roma: nongovernmental organizations and minority rights. London: Lexington books; 2017.

Van de Beek JH, Vermeulen F.  Protection, participation and legitimacy: the European Union's public consultation system and ethnic and national minorities. In: Sicakkan HG, editor. Integration, diversity and the making of a European public sphere. Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing; 2016.

Voiculescu C. European social integration and the Roma: questioning neoliberal governmentality. New York (NY): Routledge; 2017.

Thesis
 
Wamsiedel M. Sorting patients out: the non-clinical evaluation of clientele in Romanian hospitals [thesis]. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong; 2016.
About this newsletter
This newsletter is published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in cooperation with the European Commission – Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) and the Interuniversity Institute of Social Development and Peace at the University of Alicante, Spain (WHO Collaborating Centre on Social Inclusion and Health). It was initiated by United Nation agencies working on Roma issues in Europe and also involves other international partners. The content of the newsletter is provided by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the WHO Regional Office for Europe, the Council of Europe (CoE), the Decade of Roma Inclusion Secretariat, the European Council (EC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Open Society Foundations (OSF).
Financial contribution to the newsletter has been provided by UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and WHO.

© World Health Organization 2017
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