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Public Health Aspects of Migration in Europe (PHAME) newsletter

October 2016

Occupational health and migration

Dr Christa Sedlatschek, Director, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)

In this issue

Recommended reading
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Who are migrant workers?
A migrant worker can be considered “a person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national”. Migrant workers can vary substantially in, for example, their level of education, skill and language, and cannot therefore be treated as a homogeneous group: individual and contextual factors are critical.continue reading the Editorial

How occupational health impacts migrant health: a case study from Portugal

Owing to increasing migration, cultural diversity is on the rise, challenging the responsiveness of national and local health welfare provision and the enforcement of human rights. Migrants tend to occupy the so-called 3-D jobs: dirty, dangerous and demeaning,1 and as such are exposed to greater risk of work-related accidents and diseases. Interestingly, in the growing body of literature on migrant health, migrants’ occupational health has been overlooked...  continue reading

Respiratory health issues among migrants in Europe

War, political instability, religious issues and the need for a better income are all factors that necessitate millions of people to move from their native countries to others, often in a dangerous and dramatic way. This happens in all corners of the world; today nearly 3% of the global population are migrants. In terms of the European Union (EU), 3.4 million people migrated to one of the EU28 countries during 2013, of which 1.4 million were from non-EU countries... continue reading

Sexual harassment against female migrant domestic workers
Maria Papadakaki, MPH, PhD, Lecturer in Social Work
Joannes Chliaoutakis, MSc, PhD, Professor of Sociology
Department of Social Work, School of Health and Social Welfare, Technological Educational Institute of Crete

At least 52.6 million people were employed as domestic workers across the world in 2010, 83% of which were women and many of them migrants. Migrant women occupied as domestic workers are known to be particularly exposed to sexual harassment.
Sexual harassment at work can take many forms, including derogatory sexist remarks; being exposed to sexually oriented pictures, comments, and gestures; solicitation; touching; expectation of quid-pro-quo arrangements; and even forced sexual contact. The consequences of sexual harassment are evident in terms of both the mental and physical health of the victims (e.g. stress, irritable bowel, and so on) and their work performance (e.g. low productivity, increased tardiness, absenteeism, and reduced turnover as a result).
.. continue reading the article

How do variations in definitions of “migrant” and their application influence the access of migrants to health care services?
Hannigan A, O’Donnell P, O’Keeffe M, MacFarlane A.
Health Evidence Network synthesis report 46; 2016

Work injuries among migrant workers in Denmark
Biering K, Lander F, Rasmussen K.
Occup Environ Med. 2016; 22 Aug.
doi: 10.1136/oemed-2016-103681

Health services use and HIV prevalence among migrant and national female sex workers in Portugal: are we providing the services needed?
Dias S, Gama A, Pingarilho M, Simões D, Mendão L.
AIDS Behav. 2016; 30 Jul.
doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1511-x

The views of migrant health workers living in Austria and Belgium on return migration to sub-Saharan Africa
Poppe A, Wojczewski S, Taylor K, Kutalek R, Peersman W.
Hum Resour Health 2016; 14 (Suppl 1):27
doi: 10.1186/s12960-016-0129-4

Labour exploitation, trafficking and migrant health: multi-country findings on the health risks and consequences of migrant and trafficked workers
Buller AM, Stoklosa H, Zimmerman C.
Geneva: International Organization for Migration; 2015

Exploitation, vulnerability to tuberculosis and access to treatment among Uzbek labor migrants in Kazakhstan
Huffman SA, Veen J, Hennink MM, McFarland DA.
Soc Sci Med. 2012; 74(6):864–872
doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.07.019

About this newsletter

The PHAME newsletter is a partnership between WHO/Europe and the University of Pécs, Hungary. The editorial board – consisting of 20 leading European experts on health, migration and related subjects – guides the newsletter’s content and development.The articles represent the opinion of the author(s), and do not necessarily represent the views of WHO, the University of Pécs or the editorial board.

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Public Health and Migration
Division of Policy and Governance for Health and Well-being
WHO Regional Office for Europe
UN City, Marmorvej 51
DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø
University of Pécs Medical School
Chair of Migration Health
Szigeti St. 12
H-7624 Pécs, Hungary
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