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OCTOBER 2016

Dear reader, 
 
In this edition of the newsletter of the Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit you will find news on the release of NIDS Wave 4, PII’s Western Cape Youth Explorer, the latest working papers and journal articles, recent seminars, as well as upcoming training activities. If you would prefer not to receive these newsletters in the future, you can unsubscribe here.
Launching NIDS Wave 4
The launch of the fourth wave of the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS; available here) on 8 September saw a high degree of engagement and lively discussion during the day. SALDRU presented this research at the launch along with the Department of Planning Monitoring and Evaluation, as commissioners of NIDS, and the Programme to Support Pro-poor Policy Development (PSPPD) who sponsored the event.

The day opened with Ms. Percy Moleke of the DPME and a keynote address by Minister in The Presidency Jeff Radebe describing NIDS as a ‘national resource’ to be ‘maximised’ and ‘in this way the research evidence can inform our policy choices so that we achieve our goals of eradicating poverty and reducing inequality’.

This was followed by SALDRU and UCT speakers Prof. Ingrid Woolard, Prof. Murray Leibbrandt, Prof. Cally Ardington, Mr. Lindokuhle Njozela, Dr. Cecil Mlatsheni and Prof. Justine Burns presenting example findings from the thought-provoking discussion papers produced in the wake of the latest NIDS data publication. A brochure summarising the discussion papers was distributed with an edited version available for download here. Opening with descriptions of the poverty dynamics and the position of adult South Africans now, the presentations then went on to follow the challenges for the next generation and ended with a look at social cohesion as an enabler for change. These were interspersed with a series of short animated videos describing the nature of NIDS and example research findings; in particular a summary of the NIDS Wave 4 discussion papers.
Finally, in a session moderated by Mr. John Kruger (Sector Expert Education, DPME), Dr. Miriam Altman (NPC commissioner) spoke about the Value of evidence in policy process, after which the event was closed by Ms. Mastoera Sadan.
Upcoming training opportunities
Measuring Consumption: 14 to 23 November
The course is targeted at researchers, postgraduate students and analysts who want the theoretical background and practical skills to analyse consumption survey data, e.g. from the Income and Expenditure Surveys or the Living Conditions Surveys.
Course Content: 
  • Measuring consumption,
  • The consumer demand model,
  • Engel curves,
  • Demand systems,
  • Social influences on consumer choice, e.g. conspicuous consumption,
  • Life-cycle considerations,
  • Puzzles in the relationship between micro- and macro-aggregates.
Prerequisites:  Course Participants will be expected to have already acquired basic Stata skills.
Online applications open
 

Understanding the South African Labour Market: 23 November-2 December
The course is aimed at researchers, postgraduate students and analysts who want the theoretical background and practical skills to analyse labour force surveys. 
Course Content:
  • The theory of labour demand and supply,
  • The role of education and human capital in wage determination and employment outcomes,
  • The role of trade unions,
  • Discrimination in the labour market,
  • The public sector,
  • Transport to work,
  • The impact of minimum wages.
Prerequisites:  Course participants will be expected to have already acquired basic Stata skills.
Online applications open


UCT Summer Training Programme in Social Science Research: 9-20 January, 2017
Course Content:
  • Introduction to household surveys 
    You will learn how and why surveys are collected, the logic of sampling, overviews of the major household surveys in South Africa, and how surveys can be used to address policy issues.
  • Overview of basic descriptive statistics
    This includes the creation of frequency distributions, measures of central tendency, dispersion and inequality, and a discussion of the issues encountered when generating statistics from survey data.
  • Hands-on instruction in the analysis of survey data using Stata
    This will involve reading and exploring data, creating graphs and tables and undertaking basic statistical analysis, including regressions.
Prerequisites:  While some prior training in statistics is desirable, it is not required. Furthermore, it is assumed that course participants are not familiar with Stata.
Online applications open
Explore, visualise and interact with youth-centered data
Ingrid WoolardIn September, the Poverty and Inequality Initiative (PII) launched the Western Cape Youth Explorer, an interactive web tool that provides a range of information on young people aged 15-24, in one easily accessible place. Developed in partnership with the Western Cape Government, City of Cape Town, Statistics South Africa, and Code for South Africa, the tool draws on a number of data sources to profile the situation of young people in the province and the contexts in which they live.

Simple data visualisations on young people’s education, economic opportunities, family and living environment, health and more are available at a range of geographic levels, from electoral wards to local municipalities and district municipalities. The tool also allows for further interaction and exploration of the data, via shaded maps, area comparisons, distribution charts and more. Click here to start exploring.

So far indicators include data from the 2011 Census, the South African Police Service (SAPS) and the Western Cape Department of Health. During the next few months more indicators will be added that draw on administrative data from various government departments, so keep checking the site for updates. Contact info.pii@uct.ac.za for more information or to send feedback and comments.
Elizabeth Nanziri named Newton International Fellow
Dr. Elizabeth Lwanga Nanziri has joined the Oxford University Economics Department as a Newton International Fellow in October 2016. This prestigious postdoctoral fellowship will last 24 months during which time Dr. Nanziri will be undertaking research on “The dynamics of financial inclusion and welfare in emerging and developing economies.” Fellowships are funded through the Newton Fund, part of the UK’s Official Development Assistance (ODA), and are a partnership between three of the UK’s national academies, The Royal Society, The British Academy and the Academy of Medical Sciences.
Francis Wilson awarded honorary degree

SALDRU Honorary Research Associate and Emeritus Professor Francis Wilson was conferred with an honorary doctorate (Doctor of Letters) at UCT’s June 14 graduation ceremony. Professor Wilson taught for over thirty years in the School of Economics where he founded and for many years directed SALDRU. His inspiring speech spoke to his career’s work in labour, poverty and inequality. Listen to his full address here or read it here.
Recent seminars
SALDRU seminars take place on Wednesdays at 13.00 in the 4th floor SAB Seminar Room in the Economics Building, UCT. Lunch is served at 12.30 in the Staff Lounge. Please contact Cally Ardington with queries or to be added to the mailing list. 

Household responses to the cessation of grant income: The case of South Africa’s Old Age Pension
Vimal Ranchhod

The transmission of trust through generations
Sara Tonini

Setting up a panel of households: A new methodology
Tom Harris

Research and Policy Engagement on Youth Development in SALDRU/PII
Ariane de Lannoy

The effects of credit rationing on re-enrollment rates at UCT
Nicola Branson & Vimal Ranchhod

Vulnerability and the middle class in South Africa
Simone Schotte & Rocco Zizzamia

The Impact of New Rice Varieties on Health in Sierra Leone
Rachel Glennester

The Consequences of Political Class Background (Jiating Chushen) in the People’s Republic of China. 
Donald Treiman

Does crime deter South Africans from self-employment?
PII

Socio-economic correlates with the prevalence and onset of diabetes in South Africa: Evidence from the first four waves of the National Income Dynamics Study
Velenkosini Matsebula

Estimating the labour market effects of a large increase in the agricultural minimum wage on rural farmworkers in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier

University Fees in South Africa: A story from evidence
Nico Cloete
In the media
 
Treasury aims to extend tax incentives
27 September 2016 | BD Live






This is what it means to be middle class in South Africa
11 September 2016 | Business Tech

Editorial: Plans galore, now use NDP to move along
11 September 2016 | City Press

Most South Africans are physically unfit, study reveals
8 September 2016 | Times Live






South African income study tracks the poor getting poorer
8 September 2016 | Times Live

Study reveals reality of SA families’ fortunes
8 September 2016 | SA News

Far more South Africans classified ‘poor or severely poor’ now than 2008
8 September 2016 | BD Live

SA’s proposed sugar tax: claims about calories & job losses checked
31 August 2016 | Africa Check





UCT research reveals that financial literacy is key to promoting access to finance for all South Africans
30 August 2016 | Public

National minimum wage: Is it time to pay up?
12 August 2016 | Financial Mail

Better governance has boosted Africa’s resilience
4 August 2016 | Asian Review

Op-Ed: Education- from crisis to opportunity
26 July 2016 | Daily Maverick

Plains packaging: Young Africans are lighting up at an alarming rate
23 July 2016 | The Economist





New generation faces an old problem: Lack of skills and education
15 June 2016 | BD Live

SA teen pregnancies not increasing as BBC claimed
1 June 2016 | Africa Check
Book chapters

Fifteen Years On; Household Incomes in South Africa in African Successes: Government and Institutions
Murray Leibbrandt and James Levinsohn
Highlighted publications

Measuring Inequality by Asset Indices: A general approach with application to South Africa (Forthcoming)
Martin Wittenberg and Murray Leibbrandt

Waterpipe smoking among Western Cape students.
Lara Kruger, Corne Van Walbeek and Nicole Vellios

Determinants of regular smoking initiation in South Africa using survival analysis.
Nicole Vellios and Corne Van Walbeek

Sexual Behaviour of Men and Women within Age-Disparate Partnerships in South Africa: Implications for Young Women's HIV Risk
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Meredith Evans and Gavin George
Working papers

The Post Matriculation Enrolment Decision: Do Public Colleges Provide Students with a Viable Alternative? Evidence from the First Four Waves of the National Income Dynamics Study
Nicola Branson and Amy Kahn 
 
Multidimensional Youth Poverty: Estimating the Youth MPI in South Africa at ward level
Emily Frame, Ariane De Lannoy, Patricia Koka, Murray Leibbrandt
 
Pathways to food security in South Africa: Food quality and quantity in NIDS Wave 1
Amy Thornton, Murray Leibbrandt and Cally Ardington
 
Changes in self-employment in the agricultural sector, South Africa: 1994-2012
Liz Neyens and Martin Wittenberg
 
Determinants of civil war and excess zeroes
John Paul Dunne and Nan Tian
 
The dynamics of poverty in the first four waves of NIDS
Arden Finn and Murray Leibbrandt

Maternal and child migration in post-apartheid South Africa: evidence from the NIDS panel study
Katharine Hall

Patterns of persistence: Intergenerational mobility and education in South Africa
Arden Finn, Murray Leibbrandt and Vimal Ranchhod

Estimating the size and impact of Affirmative Action at the University of Cape Town
Andrew Kerr, Patrizio Piraino and Vimal Ranchhod

Determinants of remittances in South Africa
Mduduzi Biyase and Fiona Tregenna

Measuring and profiling financial literacy in South Africa  
Elizabeth Lwanga Nanziri and Murray Leibbrandt

Eliminating Extreme Poverty in Africa: Trends, Policies and the Role of International Organizations
Zorobabel Bicaba, Zuzana Brixiová and Mthuli Ncube

Subjective Well-Being Adult South Africans’ Life Satisfaction (2008 - 2014)
Catherine Kannemeyer

Dictators Walking the Mogadishu Line: How Men Become Monsters and Monsters Become Men
Shaun Larcom, Mare Sarr and Tim Willems

Capital Flight and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: An Investigation of the Role of Natural Resource Endowment
Leonce Ndikumana and Mare Sarr

Measuring multidimensional poverty among youth in South Africa at the sub-national level
Emily Frame, Ariane De Lannoy and Murray Leibbrandt
 
Individual migration and household incomes
Julia Garlick, Murray Leibbrandt and James A. Levinsohn

Up or Down? Intergenerational Mental Health Transmission and Cash Transfers in South Africa  
Katherine Eyal and Justine Burns

Causes and Consequences of Teen Childbearing: Evidence from a Reproductive Health Intervention in South Africa
Nicola Branson and Tanya Byker
Copyright © 2016 SALDRU, UCT, All rights reserved.


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