What’s in the TLD
The right-most label in a domain name is referred to as its "top-level domain" (TLD). TLDs with two letters have been established for over 250 countries and external territories and are referred to as "country-code" TLDs or "ccTLDs". TLDs with three or more characters are referred to as "generic" TLDs, or "gTLDs".
The responsibility for operating each TLD (including maintaining a registry of the domain names within the TLD) is delegated to a particular organization. These organizations are referred to as "registry operators"
For Nigeria as a country, the 2-letter ng
country code top-level domain (ccTLD) as an Internet top-level domain was reserved for Nigeria by ICANN. The management and administration of this string (.ng) is done by the Nigeria internet Registration Association (NIRA)
Generally speaking, the choice of TLD for a website lies with the registrant. However, a professional approach need to be adopted when choosing a domain name for your website, this will give your website an advantage in a search engine ranking.
As a commercial company, the best choice of TLD will be .com.ng, for non-governmental organizations, .org.ng will rank well for your website and .net.ng would be suitable for internet service providers and telecommunication companies. List of TLD and related purposes by NiRA can be seen in the above sidebar image.
ICANN Implements Standardized Framework for Release of Two-Character Labels
ICANN has implemented the framework established by the Measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels
to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes by authorizing the release of all letter/letter two-character ASCII labels at the second level for registry operators subject to these Measures.
The ICANN Board approved the Measures on 8 November 2016. They provide a standardized framework to help Internet users avoid confusion between country codes and corresponding letter/two-character letter domain names. The framework and authorization are the result of more than two years of work by members of the Internet community and the ICANN Organization.
Previously, registry operators were required to reserve and individually request permission from ICANN to release second-level two-letter ASCII labels.