Wireless Device Hotspot Feature and Android Marshmallow OS
Question: We manufacture a wireless hotspot device with the hotspot feature intentionally disabled as it was not tested for compliance. However, it has come to our attention that Android Marshmallow, the latest Android operating system, enables the hotspot feature. How do we ensure there are no compliance issues?
Answer: Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED) Canada also noticed that the installation of the Android Marshmallow operating system on hotspot devices may suddenly make a previously disabled hotspot feature available to the end user.
If the installation of Marshmallow, or any future OS, suddenly enables the hotspot feature of your device, and your device was certified with the hotspot feature disabled and no compliance testing done, you are required to test the hotspot mode for compliance and to submit a Class 3 Permissive Change (C3PC) application to ISED.
Note: This issue may impact FCC compliance as well.
Reusing Test Data
Question: We have a wireless device that was tested and certified fully populated with components. We have since depopulated the wireless device and would like to use the original test data in a new FCC certification application. Under what circumstances are we allowed to reuse the original data?
Answer: The FCC permits the reuse of test data in an application under limited circumstances only, specifically when the device uses the same internal printed circuit board with some variation based on population/depopulation of components. Each variation must have its own FCC ID. For example, generally smart phones can differ in cellular bands but must contain common circuity for peripheral, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, NFC and ANT devices.
A new certification application that includes reused test data must also include the following:
- a copy of the original test report;
- justification for the reuse;
- the specific data that is being reused from the original application, with references to the specific tests and sections;
- if the referenced reused data is from more than one previous application, the submission must clearly identify the sections and application to which it refers;
- test data for the new device based on the worst case results in the original data in order to verify that the results are equivalent for demonstrating compliance, and that variations between the devices are within the accepted manufacturing tolerance;
- RF exposure evaluation with each combination of frequency band, wireless mode and exposure test condition considered separately.
A TCB must review the justification in conjunction with the referenced original applications to make sure that the data is appropriate and that the application as a whole demonstrates compliance. In cases where there are multiple variations and corresponding certification applications, a KDB inquiry should be submitted to the FCC for advice and guidance.
RF LED Lighting Testing
Question: We want to test our RF LED lighting devices. What are the required FCC rules and regulations?
Answer: The following tests apply to RF LED lighting devices:
- Power line conducted emissions and radiated emissions from the RF LED lighting device are to be measured in accordance with the procedures in ANSI C63.4-2014, American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Radio Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz.
- Radiated emissions measurements should be performed over the range of frequencies in accordance with 47CFR§15.33(b) which specifies when routine radiated emissions measurements are needed based on the highest frequency generated or used in the device. When the internal frequency is less than 1.705 MHz, the FCC stipulates that radiated emissions measurements be performed only up to 30 MHz, even though the FCC has found that non-periodic, broadband in nature emissions from RF LED lighting devices are a by-product of the internal driver circuitry within the RF LED lighting device, and have adequate energy and potential to generate radiated emissions well above 30 MHz.
- With respect to the aforementioned, the FCC requires all RF LED lighting devices, even those that in the past have been considered to operate on frequencies below 1.705 MHz, are required to have radiated emissions measurements performed from 30 MHz to 1000 MHz at a minimum, to adequately demonstrate compliance with 47CFR§15.109 radiated emission limits.
Note: In interference cases involving RF LED lighting devices, the FCC has often found that the specified operating frequency of the RF LED lighting device is not consistent with the actual emissions, given the “broadband” nature of the radiated and conducted emissions generated.
Frequency Range Investigation
Question: We have a device with a microprocessor that is clocked at 1.5 GHz and a transmitter section with a carrier frequency operating at 2.4 GHz. Which frequency do we use to investigate the upper frequency range?
Answer: Since your device contains an unintentional radiator and an intentional radiator, the upper frequency range must be investigated in accordance with 47CFR§15.33(a)(4) as follows:
- the range applicable to the intentional radiator as specified in 47CFR§15.33(a)(1) through (a)(3)
- the range applicable to the digital device as specified in 47CFR§15.33(b)(1)
For example, a 47CFR§15.247 composite system with digital logic clocked at 1.5 GHz and an intentional radiator operating at 2.402 GHz must be investigated to the upper frequency of 24 GHz in order to demonstrate compliance to all the applicable FCC rules and regulations.
Note: The measured emissions of the composite system must not exceed the highest level permitted for an individual component.
EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released
This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:
- EN 62610-5:2016 - 6/24/2016 - Mechanical structures for electrical and electronic equipment - Thermal management for cabinets in accordance with IEC 60297 and IEC 60917 series - Part 5: Cooling performance evaluation for indoor cabinets
- EN 60195:2016 - 7/15/2016 - Method of measurement of current noise generated in fixed resistors
- EN 55032:2015/AC:2016-07 - 7/22/2016 - Electromagnetic compatibility of multimedia equipment - Emission Requirements
- EN 60966-2-4:2016 - 7/22/2016 - Radio Frequency and coaxial cable assemblies - Part 2-4: Detail specification for cable assemblies for radio and TV receivers - Frequency range 0 MHz to 3 000 MHz, IEC 61169-2 connectors
See CENELEC for additional information.
EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released
This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:
- ETSI EN 301 427 V2.1.1 - June 2016 - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for low data rate Mobile satellite Earth Stations (MES) except aeronautical mobile satellite earth stations, operating in the 11/12/14 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
- ETSI EN 303 339 V1.1.1 - June 2016 - Broadband Direct Air-to-Ground Communications; Equipment operating in the 1 900 MHz to 1 920 MHz and 5 855 MHz to 5 875 MHz frequency bands; Fixed pattern antennas; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
- ETSI EN 302 574-1 V2.1.1 - June 2016 - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Mobile Earth Stations (MES) operating in the 1 980 MHz to 2 010 MHz (earth-to-space) and 2 170 MHz to 2 200 MHz (space-to-earth) frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 1: Complementary Ground Component (CGC) for wideband systems
- ETSI EN 301 360 V2.1.1 - June 2016 - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Satellite Interactive Terminals (SIT) and Satellite User Terminals (SUT) transmitting towards satellites in geostationary orbit, operating in the 27,5 GHz to 29,5 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
- ETSI EN 301 441 V2.1.1 - June 2016 - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Mobile Earth Stations (MES), including handheld earth stations, for Satellite Personal Communications Networks (S-PCN) operating in the 1,6 GHz/2,4 GHz frequency band under the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
- ETSI EN 302 195 V2.1.1 - June 2016 - Short Range Devices (SRD); Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and accessories (ULP-AMI-P) operating in the frequency range 9 kHz to 315 kHz Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
- ETSI TS 103 329 V1.1.1 - June 2016 - Wireless Industrial Applications (WIA); Radio equipment to be used in the 5,725 GHz to 5,875 GHz frequency range with power level up to 400 mW; Methods and concepts for a WIA system approach to sharing in the 5,725 GHz to 5,875 GHz band
- ETSI TR 103 416 V1.1.1 - July 2016 - System Reference document (SRdoc); Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band (UWB); Technical characteristics and spectrum requirements for UWB based vehicular access systems for operation in the 3,4 GHz to 4,8 GHz and 6 GHz to 8,5 GHz frequency ranges
- ETSI EN 300 386 V2.1.1 - July 2016 - Telecommunication network equipment; ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of the Directive 2014/30/EU
- ETSI TR 101 506 V2.1.1 - July 2016 - Fixed Radio Systems; Generic definitions, terminology and applicability of essential requirements covering article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU to Fixed Radio Systems
- ETSI TS 103 429 V1.1.1 - July 2016 - Integrated broadband cable telecommunication networks (CABLE); Cable Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) with Integrated Radio and Non-Radio Interfaces; Technical Specification covering the cable equipment technical requirements in support of Harmonised Standards for the essential requirements of article 3.1b of the Directive 2014/53/EU
See ETSI website for additional information.
EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released
This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:
- CISPR 11:2015/AMD1:2016, Ed. 6.0 - 6/23/2016 - Amendment 1 - Industrial, scientific and medical equipment - Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement
- CISPR 11:2015+AMD1:2016, Ed. 6.1 - 6/23/2016 - Industrial, scientific and medical equipment - Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement
- CISPR 16-2-3:2016, Ed. 4.0 - 6/24/2016 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 2-3: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Radiated disturbance measurements
- IEC 60335-2-14:2016, Ed. 6.0 - 6/24/2016 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-14: Particular requirements for kitchen machines
- CISPR 32:2015/COR1:2016, Ed. 2.0 - 6/28/2016 - Corrigendum 1 - Electromagnetic compatibility of multimedia equipment - Emission requirements
- IEC 60695-1-21:2016, Ed. 1.0 - 7/1/2016 - Fire hazard testing - Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Ignitability - Summary and relevance of test methods
- IEC 62209-1:2016, Ed. 2.0 - 7/6/2016 - Measurement procedure for the assessment of specific absorption rate of human exposure to radio frequency fields from hand-held and body-mounted wireless communication devices - Part 1: Devices used next to the ear (Frequency range of 300 MHz to 6 GHz)
- IEC 61000-4-10:2016, Ed. 2.0 - 7/7/2016 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-10: Testing and measurement techniques - Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity test
- IEC CA 01:2016, Ed. 1.0 - 7/12/2016 - IEC Conformity Assessment Systems - Basic Rules - FREE DOWNLOAD
- IEC 61010-2-012:2016, Ed. 1.0 - 7/12/2016 - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 2-012: Particular requirements for climatic and environmental testing and other temperature conditioning equipment
- IEC 61000-4-9:2016, Ed. 2.0 - 7/13/2016 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-9: Testing and measurement techniques - Impulse magnetic field immunity test
- IEC 60384-14:2013+AMD1:2016, Ed. 4.1 - 7/14/2016 - Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14: Sectional specification - Fixed capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains
- IEC 61010-2-120:2016, Ed. 1.0 - 7/15/2016 - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 2-120: Particular safety requirements for machinery aspects of equipment
- IEC 60079-29-1:2016, Ed. 2.0 - 7/21/2016 - Explosive atmospheres - Part 29-1: Gas detectors - Performance requirements of detectors for flammable gases
- IEC 61511:2016, Ed. 1.0 - 7/21/2016 - Functional safety - Safety instrumented systems for the process industry sector - ALL PARTS
See IEC for additional information.
FCC - New Rules Adopted for Wireless Technology above 24 GHz
On July 14, 2016, the FCC adopted new rules for wireless broadband operations in frequencies above 24 GHz, making the United States the first country in the world to make this spectrum available for next generation wireless services.
These new rules open up nearly 11 GHz of high-frequency spectrum for flexible, mobile and fixed use wireless broadband including 3.85 GHz of licensed spectrum and 7 GHz of unlicensed spectrum. The rules create a new Upper Microwave Flexible Use service in the 28 GHz (27.5-28.35 GHz), 37 GHz (37-38.6 GHz), and 39 GHz (38.6-40 GHz) bands, and a new unlicensed band at 64-71 GHz.
The FCC said it has struck a balance between new wireless services, current and future fixed satellite service operations, and federal uses. The item adopts effective sharing schemes to ensure that diverse users, including federal and non-federal, satellite and terrestrial, and fixed and mobile, can co-exist and expand.
The FCC also adopted a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FNPRM) which seeks comment on several issues. The FNPRM seeks to apply the adopted flexible use service and technical rules to another 18 GHz of spectrum encompassing 8 additional high-frequency bands, and seeks comment on a variety of other issues including refinements to the performance requirements and mobile spectrum holdings policies, and the sharing framework adopted for the 37-37.6 GHz band.
The goal of these new rules is to create a runway for US companies to launch the technologies that will harness 5G’s fiber-fast capabilities. Link
FCC – Chair and Vice Chair Appointed to FCC WRC-19 Advisory Committee
In preparation for the International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) next World Radiocommunication Conference scheduled for 2019 (WRC-19), FCC Chairman Wheeler announced the appointment of Thomas C. Power as Chair and Christopher J. Murphy as Vice Chair of the FCC’s advisory committee for WRC-19. The Committee is tasked with providing advice, technical support and recommended proposals on matters relating to the WRC-19.
Mr. Power is Senior Vice President and General Counsel of CTIA. Before joining CTIA, Power served as the U.S. Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Telecommunications in the White House Office of Science and Technology. Previously, Power served as Chief of Staff for the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), U.S. Department of Commerce, and as Senior Legal Adviser to FCC Chairman William Kennard, where he advised the chairman on broadband, common carrier and mass media matters.
Mr. Murphy is Associate General Counsel of Regulatory Affairs at ViaSat, Inc., a U.S.-based broadband services and technology provider. Before joining ViaSat, Murphy was Vice President of Government Affairs at Inmarsat. Prior to working in the private sector, Murphy worked for a decade at the FCC International Bureau, on broadcast and mobile satellite licensing issues, as well as on domestic and international spectrum and broadband policies. Link
FDA - Final Guidance Issued on Medical Device EMC
The FDA has issued final guidance for medical device electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). This final guidance document details a number of primary components that are needed from U.S. manufacturers in order to obtain pre-market clearance or approval for supporting claims of medical device EMC.
Proof of EMC ensures that a device is able to function in its intended environment without introducing excessive electromagnetic disturbance capable of causing electromagnetic interference with other electronically powered devices. In addition to following existing requirements and testing standards, registrants should include the following information in their applications:
- Environment intended for use
- Summary of all testing conducted to support EMC claims
- List of standards specifications met (including immunity test levels)
- Summary of device-specific tests including performance data and pass/fail criteria
- Device labeling and supporting documentation of compliance
- Details on any changes made to the device for it to pass one or more EMC tests
It should be noted that additional information may be requested from the FDA Reviewer. The final guidance document can be found at “Information to Support a Claim of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of Electrically-Powered Medical Device“.
EU - Updated List of R&TTE Harmonized Standards
On July 8, 2016, the European Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union the following updated consolidated list of harmonized standards for the R&TTE Directive (RTTED) 1999/5/EC, Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU and the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2014/35/EU.
The R&TTE Directive list of standards will only be used until June 13, 2017. Currently, there are not many harmonized standards for the RED but it is anticipated that additional harmonized standards for the RED will be updated in the Official Journal over the course of the next year.
Algeria – Suspension of Type Approvals
Recently, Algeria’s regulator, Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (ARPT), indicated that Type Approval services are on hold pending the election of a new Director. During this time, Type Approval certificates will not be issued. Normal service is expected to resume once the new Director is elected.
Nepal – Revised Type Approval Process
On July 9, 2016, Nepal’s Telecommunications Authority (NTA) published Approval Working Procedure for Customer Premises Radio Telecommunication Equipment-2016 (TAP-04). This is the updated version of Type Approval Working Procedure for Customer Premises Radio Telecommunication Equipments-2014 (TAP-03). Changes have been made to Technical Specifications of the Equipment for Mobile Handsets and submission time for renewal of permanent periodic type approval certificate as follows:
|Technical Specifications of the Equipment for Mobile Handsets
|Old Type Approval Procedure
||Revised Type Approval Procedure
Nominal Voltage: 3.7 V
Maximum Charge Voltage: 4.2 V
Minimum Charging Capacity: 850 mAh
|Minimum Charging Capacity of Battery:
600 mAh (for Bar Phone i.e. Normal Keypad phone)
1000 mAh (for Smart Phone)
|Maximum EIRP: 33 dBm or 2W
||Maximum EIRP: 33+/-2 dBm
|Submission Time for Renewal of Permanent Periodic Type Approval Certificate
|Old Type Approval Procedure
||Revised Type Approval Procedure
|The applicant has to apply for renewal of the permanent periodic type approval certificate at least 3 months prior to the date of expiry of the permanent periodic type approval certificate
||The applicant has to apply for renewal of the permanent periodic type approval at least 30 days prior to the date of expiry of the permanent periodic type approval certificate
South Africa - ICASA Strike
Over 50 staff members of the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) have been on strike since July 4, 2106. The length of the strike is unknown; striking workers are demanding payment of prior salary bonuses. ICASA has been operating with a shortage of staff so on-going approval projects may soon be impacted. Link
South Africa - SABS Re-opened
The South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) has recently re-opened and is accepting applications for EMC/EMI Type Approvals. Changes to the process have been introduced, including a preliminary assessment by officials ahead of a formal review. Foreign manufacturers are still permitted to act in the capacity of local Approval holder. The approval price, lead time and documents needed to support such a request will vary depending on the type of product certification and the outcome of SABS’s initial review. Link
Mexico – Regulator Closed 7/18/16 – 7/29/16
Mexico’s Type Approval regulator, Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones (IFT), recently announced that it will be closed for business from July 18, 2016 through July 29, 2016. During this period, no Type Approval applications will be able to be submitted to IFT, and applications currently under review are expected to be delayed by up to 2 weeks.
Vietnam – Lithium Battery Regulation
On July 5, 2016, Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) confirmed that National Technical Regulation QCVN 101:2016/TTBTTTT on lithium batteries will come into effect on April 1, 2017. Existing Type Approval certificates granted prior to April 1, 2017 remain valid until their expiration date.
Taiwan - Updated Approval Process
Effective July 1, 2016, Taiwan’s National Communications Commission (NCC) will allow the following telecommunication terminal devices to follow the existing Type Approval scheme or to follow the Declaration of Conformity (DoC) scheme:
- Automatic Alarm
- Answering Machine
- Wired Remote Commander
- Key Telephone System
- Computer Integrating Phone Function
- Caller ID Terminal Devices
Under the DoC scheme, the process is simplified and costs are expected to be reduced. Similar to the standard Type Approval scheme, NCC testing and submission to NCC for assessment is still required, however NCC will then release a DoC with the allocated declaration number.
In comparison to the standard NCC mark, the “z” highlighted in red below for type approval method will be “C” (for DoC scheme) rather than “T” (for Type Approval scheme).
UAE - Updated UWB and SRD Regulations
UAE’s Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) updated Ultra-Wide Band and Short Range Devices requirements in recently published Regulation (Version 2.0) as a written summary of already established requirements. These requirements are in line with existing European Standards and requirements in ITU-Region 1 countries for these technologies and do not elicit any changes. See below for the main requirements of UWB devices:
- Generic UWB devices shall comply with EN 302 065-1.
- UWB devices for location tracking shall comply with EN 302 500-1.
- UWB devices for Building Material Analysis shall comply with EN 302 435-1.
Chile - New Labelling Requirements for Cell Phones
On June 13, 2106, Chile’s regulator Subsecretaría de Telecomunicaciones (SUBTEL) released Resolución 1463 that declares that new labelling requirements for cellphone devices must be implemented within 270 days of its publication. Upon its implementation, devices containing 2G, 3G or 4G technology will be required to display a multi-band stamp on the front of the box/packaging of the device to show the cellular technologies supported. Examples are:
The manufacturer or the importer will be responsible for adding the multi-band stamp to the device packaging prior to import and sale in Chile and this requirement will affect both existing and new devices. Cellular-only devices still do not require Type Approval in Chile, however Type Approval is required if the device contains other technologies such as Bluetooth, WLAN and RFID. Upon implementation of this regulation, it will be mandatory for cell-phone devices to operate in all permitted frequency bands of at least one supported cellular technology (2G, 3G or 4G). Link